Romans 4New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)
Abraham Justified by Faith. 1 What then can we say that Abraham found, our ancestor according to the flesh? 2 Indeed, if Abraham was justified on the basis of his works, he has reason to boast; but this was not so in the sight of God. 3 For what does the scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.” 4 A worker’s wage is credited not as a gift, but as something due. 5 But when one does not work, yet believes in the one who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness. 6 So also David declares the blessedness of the person to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
7 “Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven
and whose sins are covered.
8 Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord does not record.”
9 Does this blessedness apply only to the circumcised, or to the uncircumcised as well? Now we assert that “faith was credited to Abraham as righteousness.” 10 Under what circumstances was it credited? Was he circumcised or not? He was not circumcised, but uncircumcised. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision as a seal on the righteousness received through faith while he was uncircumcised. Thus he was to be the father of all the uncircumcised who believe, so that to them [also] righteousness might be credited, 12 as well as the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but also follow the path of faith that our father Abraham walked while still uncircumcised.
Inheritance Through Faith. 13 It was not through the law that the promise was made to Abraham and his descendants that he would inherit the world, but through the righteousness that comes from faith.14 For if those who adhere to the law are the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void. 15 For the law produces wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there violation. 16 For this reason, it depends on faith, so that it may be a gift, and the promise may be guaranteed to all his descendants, not to those who only adhere to the law but to those who follow the faith of Abraham, who is the father of all of us, 17 as it is written, “I have made you father of many nations.” He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into being what does not exist. 18 He believed, hoping against hope,that he would become “the father of many nations,” according to what was said, “Thus shall your descendants be.” 19 He did not weaken in faith when he considered his own body as [already] dead (for he was almost a hundred years old) and the dead womb of Sarah. 20 He did not doubt God’s promise in unbelief; rather, he was empowered by faith and gave glory to God 21 and was fully convinced that what he had promised he was also able to do. 22 That is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.” 23 But it was not for him alone that it was written that “it was credited to him”; 24 it was also for us, to whom it will be credited, who believe in the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 who was handed over for our transgressions and was raised for our justification.
Romans 3New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)
Answers to Objections. 1 What advantage is there then in being a Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? 2 Much, in every respect. [For] in the first place, they were entrusted with the utterances of God. 3 What if some were unfaithful? Will their infidelity nullify the fidelity of God?4 Of course not! God must be true, though every human being is a liar,as it is written:
“That you may be justified in your words,
and conquer when you are judged.”
5 But if our wickedness provides proof of God’s righteousness, what can we say? Is God unjust, humanly speaking, to inflict his wrath? 6 Of course not! For how else is God to judge the world? 7 But if God’s truth redounds to his glory through my falsehood, why am I still being condemned as a sinner? 8 And why not say—as we are accused and as some claim we say—that we should do evil that good may come of it? Their penalty is what they deserve.
Universal Bondage to Sin. 9 Well, then, are we better off? Not entirely, for we have already brought the charge against Jews and Greeks alike that they are all under the domination of sin, 10 as it is written:
“There is no one just, not one,
11 there is no one who understands,
there is no one who seeks God.
12 All have gone astray; all alike are worthless;
there is not one who does good,
[there is not] even one.
13 Their throats are open graves;
they deceive with their tongues;
the venom of asps is on their lips;
14 their mouths are full of bitter cursing.
15 Their feet are quick to shed blood;
16 ruin and misery are in their ways,
17 and the way of peace they know not.
18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.”
19 Now we know that what the law says is addressed to those under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world stand accountable to God, 20 since no human being will be justified in his sight by observing the law; for through the law comes consciousness of sin.
III. Justification Through Faith in Christ
Justification Apart from the Law. 21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, though testified to by the law and the prophets, 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction; 23 all have sinned and are deprived of the glory of God. 24 They are justified freely by his grace through the redemption in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God set forth as an expiation, through faith, by his blood, to prove his righteousness because of the forgiveness of sins previously committed, 26 through the forbearance of God—to prove his righteousness in the present time, that he might be righteous and justify the one who has faith in Jesus.
27 What occasion is there then for boasting? It is ruled out. On what principle, that of works? No, rather on the principle of faith. 28 For we consider that a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law.29 Does God belong to Jews alone? Does he not belong to Gentiles, too? Yes, also to Gentiles, 30 for God is one and will justify the circumcised on the basis of faith and the uncircumcised through faith. 31 Are we then annulling the law by this faith? Of course not! On the contrary, we are supporting the law.
The Letter to the Romans (Taipo Bible Reading Marathon Day 647)
Letter to the ROMANS.
The apostle Paul wrote to the Romans from the Greek city of Corinth in AD 57.
The 6th Book of the New Testament
The writer of this letter was the apostle Paul.
Purpose of Writing:
Paul expresses in this epistle that he had for some time planned to preach the gospel at Rome (1:13-15) and from there go on to Spain (15:22-24).
Paul looking forward to meet the Christians in Rome. Predominantly Gentile Christians and Jews as a substantial minority of the congregation.
Paul though wrote a letter ahead of him by promoting unity between the Jewish and Gentile Christians.
The primary theme running through Paul’s letter to the Romans is the revelation of God’s righteousness in His plan for salvation. God’s plan of salvation and righteousness for all humankind, Jew and Gentile alike.
Theme: Righteousness from God (1:16-17)
The Unrighteousness of All People (1:18;3:20)
Summary: All People (3:9-20)
Righteousness Imputed: Justification (3:21;5:21)
Through Christ (3:21-26)
Received by Faith (3:27;4:25)
The principle established (3:27-31)
The principle illustrated (ch. 4)
The Fruits of Righteousness (5:1-11)
Summary: Humanity’s Unrighteousness Contrasted with God’s Gift of Righteousness (5:12-21)
Righteousness Imparted: Sanctification (chs. 6-8)
Freedom from Sin’s Tyranny (ch. 6)
Freedom from the Law’s Condemnation (ch. 7)
Life in the Power of the Holy Spirit (ch. 8)
God’s Righteousness Vindicated: The Justice of His Way with Israel (chs. 9-11)
The Justice of God’s Rejection of Israel (9:1-29)
The Cause of That Rejection (9:30;10:21)
The Rejection Is Neither Complete nor Final (ch. 11)
There is even now a remnant (11:1-10)
The rejection is only temporary (11:11-24)
God’s ultimate purpose is mercy (11:25-36)
Righteousness Practiced (12:1;15:13)
In the Body — the Church (ch. 12)
In the World (ch. 13)
Among Weak and Strong Christians (14:1;15:13)
Commendation, Greetings and Doxology (ch. 16)