1 Thessalonians 5 (TBRM Day 724)

1 Thessalonians 5 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 5

Vigilance. Concerning times and seasons, brothers, you have no need for anything to be written to you. For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief at night. When people are saying, “Peace and security,” then sudden disaster comes upon them, like labor pains upon a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

But you, brothers, are not in darkness, for that day to overtake you like a thief. For all of you are children of the light[a] and children of the day. We are not of the night or of darkness. Therefore, let us not sleep as the rest do, but let us stay alert and sober. Those who sleep go to sleep at night, and those who are drunk get drunk at night. But since we are of the day, let us be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love and the helmet that is hope for salvation. For God did not destine us for wrath, but to gain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep we may live together with him.[b] 11 Therefore, encourage one another and build one another up, as indeed you do.

Church Order. 12 We ask you, brothers, to respect those who are laboring among you and who are over you in the Lord and who admonish you, 13 and to show esteem for them with special love on account of their work. Be at peace among yourselves.

14 We urge you, brothers, admonish the idle, cheer the fainthearted, support the weak, be patient with all. 15 See that no one returns evil for evil; rather, always seek what is good [both] for each other and for all.16 Rejoice always. 17 Pray without ceasing. 18 In all circumstances give thanks, for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus. 19 [c]Do not quench the Spirit. 20 Do not despise prophetic utterances. 21 Test everything; retain what is good. 22 Refrain from every kind of evil.

Concluding Prayer. 23 [d]May the God of peace himself make you perfectly holy and may you entirely, spirit, soul, and body, be preserved blameless for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24 The one who calls you is faithful, and he will also accomplish it. 25 Brothers, pray for us [too].

IV. Final Greeting

26 Greet all the brothers with a holy kiss.[e] 27 I adjure you by the Lord that this letter be read to all the brothers. 28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.


  1. 5:5 Children of the light: that is, belonging to the daylight of God’s personal revelation and expected to achieve it (an analogous development of imagery that appears in Jn 12:36).
  2. 5:10 Characteristically, Paul plays on words suggesting ultimate and anticipated death and life. Union with the crucified and risen Lord at his parousia is anticipated in some measure in contrasted states of our temporal life. The essential element he urges is our indestructible personal union in Christ’s own life (see Rom 5:1–10).
  3. 5:19–21 Paul’s buoyant encouragement of charismatic freedom sometimes occasioned excesses that he or others had to remedy (see 1 Cor 142 Thes 2:1–152 Pt 3:1–16).
  4. 5:23 Another possible translation is, “May the God of peace himself make you perfectly holy and sanctify your spirit fully, and may both soul and body be preserved blameless for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” In either case, Paul is not offering an anthropological or philosophical analysis of human nature. Rather, he looks to the wholeness of what may be called the supernatural and natural aspects of a person’s service of God.
  5. 5:26 Kiss: the holy embrace (see Rom 16:161 Cor 16:202 Cor 13:121 Pt 5:14) was a greeting of respect and affection, perhaps given during a liturgy at which Paul’s letter would have been read.

1 Thessalonians 4 (TBRM Day 723)

1 Thessalonians 4 New Living Translation (NLT)

Live to Please God

Finally, dear brothers and sisters,[a] we urge you in the name of the Lord Jesus to live in a way that pleases God, as we have taught you. You live this way already, and we encourage you to do so even more. For you remember what we taught you by the authority of the Lord Jesus.

God’s will is for you to be holy, so stay away from all sexual sin. Then each of you will control his own body[b] and live in holiness and honor—not in lustful passion like the pagans who do not know God and his ways. Never harm or cheat a fellow believer in this matter by violating his wife,[c] for the Lord avenges all such sins, as we have solemnly warned you before. God has called us to live holy lives, not impure lives. Therefore, anyone who refuses to live by these rules is not disobeying human teaching but is rejecting God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.

But we don’t need to write to you about the importance of loving each other,[d] for God himself has taught you to love one another. 10 Indeed, you already show your love for all the believers[e] throughout Macedonia. Even so, dear brothers and sisters, we urge you to love them even more.

11 Make it your goal to live a quiet life, minding your own business and working with your hands, just as we instructed you before. 12 Then people who are not believers will respect the way you live, and you will not need to depend on others.

The Hope of the Resurrection

13 And now, dear brothers and sisters, we want you to know what will happen to the believers who have died[f] so you will not grieve like people who have no hope. 14 For since we believe that Jesus died and was raised to life again, we also believe that when Jesus returns, God will bring back with him the believers who have died.

15 We tell you this directly from the Lord: We who are still living when the Lord returns will not meet him ahead of those who have died.[g]16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a commanding shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet call of God. First, the believers who have died[h] will rise from their graves. 17 Then, together with them, we who are still alive and remain on the earth will be caught up in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Then we will be with the Lord forever. 18 So encourage each other with these words.


  1. 4:1 Greek brothers; also in 4:1013.
  2. 4:4 Or will know how to take a wife for himself; or will learn to live with his own wife; Greek reads will know how to possess his own vessel.
  3. 4:6 Greek Never harm or cheat a brother in this matter.
  4. 4:9 Greek about brotherly love.
  5. 4:10 Greek the brothers.
  6. 4:13 Greek those who have fallen asleep; also in 4:14.
  7. 4:15 Greek those who have fallen asleep.
  8. 4:16 Greek the dead in Christ.

1 Thessalonians 3 (TBRM Day 722)

1 Thessalonians 3 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 3

That is why, when we could bear it no longer, we decided to remain alone in Athens and sent Timothy, our brother and co-worker for God in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and encourage you in your faith, so that no one be disturbed in these afflictions. For you yourselves know that we are destined[a] for this. For even when we were among you, we used to warn you in advance that we would undergo affliction, just as has happened, as you know. For this reason, when I too could bear it no longer, I sent to learn about your faith, for fear that somehow the tempter had put you to the test and our toil might come to nothing.

But just now Timothy has returned to us from you, bringing us the good news of your faith and love, and that you always think kindly of us and long to see us as we long to see you. Because of this, we have been reassured about you, brothers, in our every distress and affliction, through your faith. For we now live, if you stand firm in the Lord.

Concluding Thanksgiving and Prayer. [b]What thanksgiving, then, can we render to God for you, for all the joy we feel on your account before our God? 10 Night and day we pray beyond measure to see you in person and to remedy the deficiencies of your faith. 11 Now may God himself, our Father, and our Lord Jesus direct our way to you, 12 and may the Lord make you increase and abound in love for one another and for all, just as we have for you, 13 so as to strengthen your hearts, to be blameless in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his holy ones. [Amen.]


  1. 3:3 We are destined: the Greek phraseology and the context suggest Paul’s concern to alert his readers to difficulties he knew they would necessarily face and to enable them to see their present experience in the light of what he warned them would happen in the future. This line of thought is followed in 2 Thes 2:1–15.
  2. 3:9–10 The tension between Paul’s optimism concerning the Thessalonians’ faith and his worries about their perseverance remains unresolved. Perhaps this is accounted for not only by the continuing harassment but also by the shortness of his own stay in Thessalonica (even if that were over twice as long as the conventional three weeks that Luke assigns to it, Acts 17:2).

1 Thessalonians 2 (TBRM Day 721)

1 Thessalonians 2 New Living Translation (NLT)

Paul Remembers His Visit

You yourselves know, dear brothers and sisters,[a] that our visit to you was not a failure. You know how badly we had been treated at Philippi just before we came to you and how much we suffered there. Yet our God gave us the courage to declare his Good News to you boldly, in spite of great opposition. So you can see we were not preaching with any deceit or impure motives or trickery.

For we speak as messengers approved by God to be entrusted with the Good News. Our purpose is to please God, not people. He alone examines the motives of our hearts. Never once did we try to win you with flattery, as you well know. And God is our witness that we were not pretending to be your friends just to get your money! As for human praise, we have never sought it from you or anyone else.

As apostles of Christ we certainly had a right to make some demands of you, but instead we were like children[b] among you. Or we were like a mother feeding and caring for her own children. We loved you so much that we shared with you not only God’s Good News but our own lives, too.

Don’t you remember, dear brothers and sisters, how hard we worked among you? Night and day we toiled to earn a living so that we would not be a burden to any of you as we preached God’s Good News to you.10 You yourselves are our witnesses—and so is God—that we were devout and honest and faultless toward all of you believers. 11 And you know that we treated each of you as a father treats his own children.12 We pleaded with you, encouraged you, and urged you to live your lives in a way that God would consider worthy. For he called you to share in his Kingdom and glory.

13 Therefore, we never stop thanking God that when you received his message from us, you didn’t think of our words as mere human ideas. You accepted what we said as the very word of God—which, of course, it is. And this word continues to work in you who believe.

14 And then, dear brothers and sisters, you suffered persecution from your own countrymen. In this way, you imitated the believers in God’s churches in Judea who, because of their belief in Christ Jesus, suffered from their own people, the Jews. 15 For some of the Jews killed the prophets, and some even killed the Lord Jesus. Now they have persecuted us, too. They fail to please God and work against all humanity 16 as they try to keep us from preaching the Good News of salvation to the Gentiles. By doing this, they continue to pile up their sins. But the anger of God has caught up with them at last.

Timothy’s Good Report about the Church

17 Dear brothers and sisters, after we were separated from you for a little while (though our hearts never left you), we tried very hard to come back because of our intense longing to see you again. 18 We wanted very much to come to you, and I, Paul, tried again and again, but Satan prevented us. 19 After all, what gives us hope and joy, and what will be our proud reward and crown as we stand before our Lord Jesus when he returns? It is you! 20 Yes, you are our pride and joy.


  1. 2:1 Greek brothers; also in 2:91417.
  2. 2:7 Some manuscripts read we were gentle.

1 Thessalonians 1 (TBRM Day 720)

1 Thessalonians 1 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

I. Address

Chapter 1

Greeting. [a]Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy to the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: grace to you and peace.

Thanksgiving for Their Faith. We give thanks to God always for all of you, remembering you in our prayers, unceasingly calling to mind your work of faith and labor of love and endurance in hope[b] of our Lord Jesus Christ, before our God and Father, knowing, brothers loved by God, how you were chosen. For our gospel did not come to you in word alone, but also in power and in the holy Spirit and [with] much conviction. You know what sort of people we were [among] you for your sake. And you became imitators[c] of us and of the Lord, receiving the word in great affliction, with joy from the holy Spirit, so that you became a model for all the believers in Macedonia and in Achaia. For from you the word of the Lord has sounded forth not only in Macedonia and [in] Achaia, but in every place your faith in God has gone forth, so that we have no need to say anything. For they themselves openly declare about us what sort of reception we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God 10 and to await his Son from heaven, whom he raised from [the] dead, Jesus, who delivers us from the coming wrath.


  1. 1:1 On the address, see note on Rom 1:1–7.
  2. 1:3 Faith…love…hope: this, along with 1 Thes 5:8, is the earliest mention in Christian literature of the three “theological virtues” (see 1 Cor 13:13). The order here stresses eschatological hope, in line with the letter’s emphasis on the Lord’s second, triumphal coming, or parousia (1 Thes 1:10; 2:12, 19; 3:13; 4:13–5:11; 5:23).
  3. 1:6 Imitators: the Pauline theme of “imitation” (see 1 Thes 2:14; 1 Cor 4:16; 11:1; 2 Thes 3:9) is rooted in Paul’s view of solidarity in Christ through sharing in Jesus’ cross and in the Spirit of the risen Lord.

First Letter to the Thessalonians: Introduction (Taipo Bible Reading Marathon Day 719)

First Letter to the Thessalonians: Introduction (Taipo Bible
Reading Marathon Day 719)


Letter of Paul to the THESSALONIANS or simply 1 Thessalonians
abbreviated as 1 Th.

Thessalonica was a large city in Macedonia. Macedonia included
the north part of Greece. It included also the south part of


The Book of Thessalonians was likely written in about A.D. 51


The 13th Book of the New Testament.

Is a Pauline epistle and the Thirteenth book of the New Testament
of the Bible.


Apostle Paul, as the principal writer, probably along with Silas
and Timothy.
It is noteworthy that the letter almost always speaks in the
voice of multiple authors (using pronouns such as “we,” “us,” and

PURPOSE of Writing:

The Apostle Paul and his associates write a tender pastoral
letter to believers in Thessalonica to reaffirm their strong
faith, strengthen their ground for hope, encourage them in holy
living, and instruct them about the coming of the Lord.


Paul wrote his first letter to the Thessalonian church from the
city of Corinth around AD 51, just a few months after having
preached in Thessalonica on his second missionary journey. Upon
leaving Thessalonica under duress, Paul, Silas, and Timothy
traveled to Athens by way of Berea. But after a short time in
Athens, Paul felt the need to receive a report from the newborn
church in Thessalonica, so he sent Timothy back to serve and
minister to the new believers there. Paul wanted to check on the
state of the Thessalonians’ faith, for fear that false teachers
might have infiltrated their number. However, Timothy soon
returned with a good report, prompting Paul to pen 1
Thessalonians as a letter of encouragement to the new believers.


The letter begins with a brief address (1 Thes 1:1) and concludes
with a greeting (1 Thes 5:26–28). The body of the letter consists
of two major parts. The first (1 Thes 1:2–3:13) is a set of three
sections of thanksgiving connected by two apologiae (defenses)
dealing, respectively, with the missionaries’ previous conduct
and their current concerns. Paul’s thankful optimism regarding
the Thessalonians’ spiritual welfare is tempered by his
insistence on their recognition of the selfless love shown by the
missionaries. In an age of itinerant peddlers of new religions,
Paul found it necessary to emphasize not only the content of his
gospel but also his manner of presenting it, for both attested to
God’s grace as freely bestowed and powerfully effected.

The second part of the letter (1 Thes 4:1–5:25) is specifically
hortatory or parenetic. The superabundant love for which Paul has
just prayed (1 Thes 3:12–13) is to be shown practically by living
out the norms of conduct that he has communicated to them.
Specific “imperatives” of Christian life, principles for acting
morally, stem from the “indicative” of one’s relationship to God
through Christ by the sending of the holy Spirit. Thus, moral
conduct is the practical, personal expression of one’s Christian
faith, love, and hope.

Quick outline of 1 Thessalonians

Commendation for faith, hope, and love (1Thes 1–3)
The Thessalonians’ example (1 Thes 1)
Paul’s history with them (1 Thes 2)
Timothy’s visit and report (1 Thes 3)
Challenge to grow in these areas even more (1Thes 4–5)
Love for others (1 Thes 4:1–12)
Hope for the Lord’s return (1 Thes 4:13–18)
Preparation for the Lord’s return (1 Thes 5)