1Chronicles Chapter 27 (Bible Marathon Day 182)

1Chronicles Chapter 27 (Bible Marathon Day 182)

Army Commanders.*
1
This is the list of the Israelite family heads, commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and other officers
who served the king in all that pertained to the divisions, of twenty-four thousand men each, that came and
went month by month throughout the year.
2
Over the first division for the first month was Ishbaal, son of Zabdiel, and in his division were twenty-four
thousand men;
3
a descendant of Perez, he was chief over all the commanders of the army for the first month.
4
Over the division of the second month was Eleazar, son of Dodo, from Ahoh, and in his division were
twenty-four thousand men.a
5
b The third army commander, for the third month, was Benaiah, son of Jehoiada the chief priest, and in
his division were twenty-four thousand men.
6
This Benaiah was a warrior among the Thirty and over the Thirty. His son Ammizabad was over his
division.
7
Fourth, for the fourth month, was Asahel, brother of Joab, and after him his son Zebadiah, and in his
division were twenty-four thousand men.c
8
Fifth, for the fifth month, was the commander Shamhuth, a descendant of Zerah, and in his division were
twenty-four thousand men.
9
Sixth, for the sixth month, was Ira, son of Ikkesh, from Tekoa, and in his division were twenty-four
thousand men.
10
Seventh, for the seventh month, was Hellez, from Beth-pelet, of the Ephraimites, and in his division were
twenty-four thousand men.
11
Eighth, for the eighth month, was Sibbecai the Hushathite, a descendant of Zerah, and in his division
were twenty-four thousand men.d
12
Ninth, for the ninth month, was Abiezer from Anathoth, of Benjamin, and in his division were twenty-four
thousand men.
13
Tenth, for the tenth month, was Maharai from Netophah, a descendant of Zerah, and in his division were
twenty-four thousand men.
14
Eleventh, for the eleventh month, was Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the Ephraimites, and in his division were
twenty-four thousand men.
15
Twelfth, for the twelfth month, was Heldai the Netophathite, of the family of Othniel, and in his division were
twenty-four thousand men.

Tribal Leaders.
16
Over the tribes of Israel, for the Reubenites the leader was Eliezer, son of Zichri; for the Simeonites,
Shephatiah, son of Maacah;
17
for Levi, Hashabiah, son of Kemuel; for Aaron, Zadok;
18
for Judah, Eliab,e one of David’s brothers; for Issachar, Omri, son of Michael;
19
for Zebulun, Ishmaiah, son of Obadiah; for Naphtali, Jeremoth, son of Azriel;
20
for the Ephraimites, Hoshea, son of Azaziah; for the half-tribe of Manasseh, Joel, son of Pedaiah;
21
for the half-tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo, son of Zechariah; for Benjamin, Jaasiel, son of Abner;
22
for Dan, Azarel, son of Jeroham. These were the commanders of the tribes of Israel.
23
David did not count those who were twenty years of age or younger, for the LORD had promised to
multiply Israel like the stars of the heavens.f
24
Joab, son of Zeruiah, began to take the census, but he did not complete it, for because of it wrath fell
upon Israel. Therefore the number was not recorded in the book of chronicles of King David.g

Overseers.
25
Over the treasuries of the king was Azmaveth,h the son of Adiel. Over the treasuries in the country, the
cities, the villages, and the towers was Jonathan, son of Uzziah.
26
Over the farm workers who tilled the soil was Ezri, son of Chelub.
27
Over the vineyards was Shimei from Ramah, and over their produce for the wine cellars was Zabdi the
Shiphmite.
28
Over the olive trees and sycamores of the Shephelah was Baalhanan the Gederite, and over the stores of
oil was Joash.
29
Over the cattle that grazed in Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite, and over the cattle in the valleys was
Shaphat, the son of Adlai;
30
over the camels was Obil the Ishmaelite; over the donkeys was Jehdeiah the Meronothite;
31
and over the flocks was Jaziz the Hagrite. All these were the overseers of King David’s possessions.

David’s Court.
32
Jonathan, David’s uncle and a man of intelligence, was counselor and scribe; he and Jehiel, the son of
Hachmoni, attended the king’s sons.
33
Ahithophel was also the king’s counselor, and Hushai the Archite was the king’s friend.i
34
After Ahithophel* came Jehoiada, the son of Benaiah, and Abiathar. The commander of the king’s army
was Joab.

* [27:1–15] This list of army commanders is similar to, but distinct from, the list of David’s warriors given in
11:10–47. The schematic enumeration of the soldiers presented here appears artificial and exaggerated
(12 x 24,000 = 288,000 men!). However, the Hebrew word (’eleph) translated “thousand” might also
designate a military unit of much smaller size.

* [27:34] After Ahithophel: after Ahithophel’s suicide (2 Sm 17:23), Jehoiada succeeded him as the king’s
counselor. Abiathar: David’s priest, along with Zadok. See note on 18:16.

a. [27:4] 1 Chr 11:12; 2 Sm 23:9.

b. [27:5–6] 1 Chr 11:22–25; 18:17; 2 Sm 23:20–23.

c. [27:7] 2 Sm 2:18; 23:24.

d. [27:11] 1 Chr 11:29; 20:4; 2 Sm 21:18.

e. [27:18] 1 Chr 2:13.

f. [27:23] Gn 22:17.

g. [27:24] 2 Sm 24:10.

h. [27:25] 2 Sm 23:31.

i. [27:33] 2 Sm 15:12, 32–37; 16:16–19, 23; 17:5–16, 23.

1Chronicles Chapter 26 (Bible Marathon Day 182)

1Chronicles Chapter 26 (Bible Marathon Day 182)

Divisions of Gatekeepers.
1
a As for the divisions of gatekeepers: Of the Korahites was Meshelemiah, the son of Kore, one of the sons
of Abiasaph.
2
Meshelemiah’s sons: Zechariah, the firstborn, Jediael, the second son, Zebadiah, the third, Jathniel, the
fourth,
3
Elam, the fifth, Jehohanan, the sixth, Eliehoenai, the seventh.
4
Obed-edom’s sons: Shemaiah, the firstborn, Jehozabad, a second son, Joah, the third, Sachar, the
fourth, Nethanel, the fifth,
5
Ammiel, the sixth, Issachar, the seventh, Peullethai, the eighth, for God blessed him.
6
To his son Shemaiah were born sons who ruled over their family, for they were warriors.
7
The sons of Shemaiah were Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad; also his kinsmen who were men of
substance, Elihu and Semachiah.
8
All these were the sons of Obed-edom, who, together with their sons and their kinsmen, were men of
substance, fit for the service. Of Obed-edom, sixty-two.
9
Of Meshelemiah, eighteen sons and kinsmen, men of substance.

10
Hosah, a descendant of Merari, had these sons: Shimri, the chief (for though he was not the firstborn, his
father made him chief),b
11
Hilkiah, the second son, Tebaliah, the third, Zechariah, the fourth. All the sons and kinsmen of Hosah
were thirteen.
12
To these divisions of the gatekeepers, by their chief men, were assigned watches for them to minister in
the house of the LORD, for each group in the same way.
13
They cast lots for each gate, small and large families alike.
14
When the lot was cast for the east side, it fell to Meshelemiah. Then they cast lots for his son Zechariah, a
prudent counselor, and the north side fell to his lot.c
15
To Obed-edom fell the south side, and to his sons the storehouse.
16
To Hosah fell the west side with the Shallecheth gate at the ascending highway. For each family, watches
were established.
17
On the east, six watched each day, on the north, four each day, on the south, four each day, and at the
storehouse they were two and two;
18
as for the large building* on the west, there were four at the highway and two at the large building.
19
These were the classes of the gatekeepers, sons of Korah and Merari.

Treasurers.
20
Their brother Levites had oversight of the treasuries of the house of God and the treasuries of votive
offerings.d
21
Among the sons of Ladan the Gershonite, the family heads were sons of Jehiel:e
22
f the sons of Jehiel, Zetham and his brother Joel, who oversaw the treasures of the house of the LORD.
23
Of the Amramites, Izharites, Hebronites, and Uzzielites,
24
Shubael, son of Gershom, son of Moses, was principal overseer of the treasures.
25
g His associate was of the line of Eliezer, whose son was Rehabiah, whose son was Jeshaiah, whose
son was Joram, whose son was Zichri, whose son was Shelomith.
26
This Shelomith and his kinsmen oversaw all the treasures of the votive offerings dedicated by King David,
the heads of the families, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and the commanders of the
army;h
27
what came from wars and from spoils, they dedicated for the support of the house of the LORD.
28
Also, whatever Samuel the seer, Saul, son of Kish, Abner, son of Ner, Joab, son of Zeruiah, and all
others had consecrated, was under the charge of Shelomith and his kinsmen.

Magistrates.
29
Among the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were in charge of Israel’s civil affairs* as officials and
judges.i
30
Among the Hebronites, Hashabiahj and his kinsmen, one thousand seven hundred men of substance,
had the administration of Israel on the western side of the Jordan for all the work of the LORD and the
service of the king.
31
Among the Hebronites, Jerijah was their chief according to their family records. In the fortieth year of
David’s reign search was made, and there were found among them warriors at Jazer of Gilead.k
32
His kinsmen were also men of substance, two thousand seven hundred heads of families. King David
appointed them to the administration of the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh for
everything pertaining to God and to the king.

* [26:18] The large building: parbar, mentioned also in 2 Kgs 23:11; the meaning of the word is unclear.

* [26:29] Civil affairs: lit., “external work,” i.e., conduct of affairs external to the Temple.

a. [26:1] 1 Chr 9:19; 2 Chr 8:14; 23:19; 35:15; Neh 12:45.

b. [26:10] 1 Chr 16:38.

c. [26:14] 1 Chr 9:21.

d. [26:20] 1 Chr 28:12; 1 Kgs 7:51.

e. [26:21] 1 Chr 23:7–8; 29:8.

f. [26:22–24] 1 Chr 23:8, 12, 16.

g. [26:25] 1 Chr 23:17–18; 24:21.

h. [26:26] 2 Sm 8:11.

i. [26:29] 1 Chr 23:4.

j. [26:30] 1 Chr 27:17; Neh 11:15–16.

k. [26:31] 1 Chr 23:19; 29:27; Jos 13:25.

1Chronicles Chapter 25 (Bible Marathon Day 181)

1Chronicles Chapter 25 (Bible Marathon Day 181)

The Singers.
1
David and the leaders of the liturgy set apart for the service the sons of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun,
who prophesied* to the accompaniment of lyres and harps and cymbals.a

This is the list of those who performed this service:
2
Of the sons of Asaph: Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asharelah, sons of Asaph, under the direction of
Asaph, who prophesied under the guidance of the king.
3
Of Jeduthun, these sons of Jeduthun: Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Shimei, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah; six,
under the direction of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied to the accompaniment of a lyre, to give
thanks and praise to the LORD.
4
Of Heman, these sons of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shubael, and Jerimoth; Hananiah, Hanani,
Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth.
5
All these were the sons of Heman, the king’s seer for divine matters; to exalt him God gave Heman
fourteen sons and three daughters.b
6
All these, whether of Asaph, Jeduthun, or Heman, were under their fathers’ direction in the singing in the
house of the LORD to the accompaniment of cymbals, harps and lyres, serving in the house of God,
under the guidance of the king.c
7
Their number, together with that of their kinsmen who were trained in singing to the LORD, all of them
skilled men, was two hundred and eighty-eight.
8
They cast lots for their functions equally, young and old, master and pupil alike.d
9
The first lot fell to Asaph, to the family of Joseph; he and his sons and his kinsmen were twelve. Gedaliah
was the second; he and his kinsmen and his sons were twelve.
10
The third was Zaccur, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
11
The fourth fell to Izri, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
12
The fifth was Nethaniah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
13
The sixth was Bukkiah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
14
The seventh was Jesarelah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
15
The eighth was Jeshaiah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
16
The ninth was Mattaniah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
17
The tenth was Shimei, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
18
The eleventh was Uzziel, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
19
The twelfth fell to Hashabiah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
20
The thirteenth was Shubael, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
21
The fourteenth was Mattithiah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
22
The fifteenth fell to Jeremoth, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
23
The sixteenth fell to Hananiah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
24
The seventeenth fell to Joshbekashah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
25
The eighteenth fell to Hanani, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
26
The nineteenth fell to Mallothi, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
27
The twentieth fell to Eliathah, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
28
The twenty-first fell to Hothir, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
29
The twenty-second fell to Giddalti, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
30
The twenty-third fell to Mahazioth, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.
31
The twenty-fourth fell to Romamti-ezer, his sons, and his kinsmen: twelve.

* [25:1] This list of twenty-four classes of Temple singers balances the list of the twenty-four classes of
priests (24:4–19). The last nine names in v. 4, which seem to form a special group, were perhaps
originally fragments or incipits (the opening words) of hymns. With some slight changes in the
vocalization, these names would mean: “Have mercy on me, O LORD,” “Have mercy on me,” “You are my
God,” “I magnify,” “I extol the help of…,” “Sitting in adversity,” “I have fulfilled,” “He made abundant,” and
“Visions.”

a. [25:1] 1 Chr 6:16–32; 15:16–17, 19; 16:37; 2 Chr 5:12; 35:15; Neh 12:27, 45.

b. [25:5] 2 Chr 35:15.

c. [25:6] 1 Chr 15:16.

d. [25:8] 1 Chr 24:31.

1Chronicles Chapter 24 (Bible Marathon Day 181)

1Chronicles Chapter 24 (Bible Marathon Day 181)

The Priestly Divisions.
1
There were also divisions for the sons of Aaron. The sons of Aaron were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and
Ithamar.a
2
Nadab and Abihu died before their father, leaving no sons; therefore only Eleazar and Ithamar served as
priests.b
3
David, with Zadok, a descendant of Eleazar, and Ahimelech, a descendant of Ithamar, apportioned them
their offices in the priestly service.c
4
But since the sons of Eleazar were found to be more numerous by male heads than those of Ithamar, the
former were divided into sixteen groups, and the latter into eight groups, each under its family heads.
5
Their functions were assigned impartially by lot, for there were officers of the holy place, and officers of
God, descended both from Eleazar and from Ithamar.
6
The scribe Shemaiah, son of Nethanel, a Levite, recorded them in the presence of the king, and of the
officials, of Zadok the priest, and of Ahimelech, son of Abiathar,* and of the heads of the ancestral houses
of the priests and of the Levites, listing two successive family groups from Eleazar before each one from
Ithamar.d
7
e The first lot fell to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah,
8
the third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim,
9
the fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin,
10
the seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah,f
11
the ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah,
12
the eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim,
13
the thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Ishbaal,
14
the fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer,
15
the seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Happizzez,
16
the nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezkel,
17
the twenty-first to Jachin, the twenty-second to Gamul,
18
the twenty-third to Delaiah, the twenty-fourth to Maaziah.
19
This was the appointed order of their service when they functioned in the house of the LORD according to
the precepts given them by Aaron, their father, as the LORD, the God of Israel, had commanded him.g

Other Levites.
20
h Of the remaining Levites, there were Shubael, of the sons of Amram, and Jehdeiah, of the sons of
Shubael;
21
Isshiah, the chief, of the sons of Rehabiah;
22
Shelomith of the Izharites, and Jahath of the sons of Shelomith.
23
The sons of Hebron were Jeriah, the chief, Amariah, the second, Jahaziel, the third, Jekameam, the
fourth.
24
The sons of Uzziel were Micah; Shamir, of the sons of Micah;
25
Isshiah, the brother of Micah; and Zechariah, a descendant of Isshiah.
26
The sons of Merari were Mahli, Mushi, and the sons of his son Uzziah.
27
The sons of Merari through his son Uzziah: Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.
28
The sons of Mahli were Eleazar, who had no sons,
29
and Jerahmeel, of the sons of Kish.
30
The sons of Mushi were Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.
These were the sons of the Levites according to their ancestral houses.
31
They too, in the same manner as their kinsmen, the sons of Aaron, cast lots in the presence of King
David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the priestly and levitical families; the more important family did
so in the same way as the less important one.i

* [24:6] Ahimelech, son of Abiathar: see note on 18:16.

a. [24:1] Ex 6:23; Nm 3:2–4; 26:60.

b. [24:2] Lv 10:1–7, 12; Nm 3:2, 4.

c. [24:3] 1 Chr 18:16; 2 Sm 8:17; 2 Chr 8:14.

d. [24:6] 1 Chr 18:16; 2 Sm 8:17.

e. [24:7–10] 1 Chr 9:10–13; Ezr 2:36–38; Neh 7:39–42; 11:10–14.

f. [24:10] Lk 1:5.

g. [24:19] 2 Chr 23:8.

h. [24:20–31] 1 Chr 23:7–23.

i. [24:31] 1 Chr 25:8; 26:13.

1Chronicles Chapter 23 (Bible Marathon Day 180)

1Chronicles Chapter 23 (Bible Marathon Day 180)

The Levitical Divisions.
1
When David had grown old and was near the end of his days, he made his son Solomon king over
Israel.a
2
He then gathered together all the officials of Israel, along with the priests and the Levites.

3
The Levites thirty years old and above were counted, and their total number was found to be thirty-eight
thousand.b
4
Of these, twenty-four thousand were to direct the service of the house of the LORD, six thousand were to
be officials and judges,
5
four thousand were to be gatekeepers,c and four thousand were to praise the LORD with the instruments
which [David] had devised for praise.
6
David apportioned them into divisions according to the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.d
7
To the Gershonites belonged Ladan and Shimei.
8
The sons of Ladan: Jehiel the chief, then Zetham and Joel; three in all.e
9
The sons of Shimei were Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran; three. These were the heads of the families of
Ladan.
10
The sons of Shimei were Jahath, Zizah, Jeush, and Beriah; these were the sons of Shimei, four in all.
11
Jahath was the chief and Zizah was second to him; but Jeush and Beriah had few sons, and therefore
they were classed as a single family, exercising a single office.
12
The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel; four in all.f
13
The sons of Amram were Aaron and Moses. Aaron was set apart to be consecrated as most holy, he
and his sons forever, to offer sacrifice before the LORD, to minister to him, and to bless in his name
forever.g
14
As for Moses, however, the man of God, his sons were counted as part of the tribe of Levi.
15
The sons of Moses were Gershom and Eliezer.h
16
The sons of Gershom: Shubael the chief.i
17
The sons of Eliezer were Rehabiah the chief—Eliezer had no other sons, but the sons of Rehabiah were
very numerous.
18
The sons of Izhar: Shelomith the chief.
19
The sons of Hebron: Jeriah, the chief, Amariah, the second, Jahaziel, the third, and Jekameam, the
fourth.j
20
The sons of Uzziel: Micah, the chief, and Isshiah, the second.k
21
The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli: Eleazar and Kish.l
22
Eleazar died leaving no sons, only daughters; the sons of Kish, their kinsmen, married them.m
23
The sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth; three in all.n
24
These were the sons of Levi according to their ancestral houses, the family heads as they were enrolled
one by one according to their names. They performed the work of the service of the house of the LORD
beginning at twenty years of age.o
25
David said: “The LORD, the God of Israel, has given rest to his people, and has taken up his dwelling in
Jerusalem forever.p
26
Henceforth the Levites need not carry the tabernacle or any of the equipment for its service.”q
27
For by David’s last words the Levites were enlisted from the time they were twenty years old.
28
Their duty is to assist the sons of Aaron in the service of the house of the LORD, having charge of the
courts, the chambers, and the preservation of everything holy: they take part in the service of the house of
God.
29
They also have charge of the showbread, of the fine flour for the grain offering, of the wafers of
unleavened bread, and of the baking and mixing, and of all measures of quantity and size.r
30
They are to be present every morning to offer thanks and to praise the LORD, and likewise in the
evening;s
31
and at every sacrifice of burnt offerings to the LORD on sabbaths, new moons, and feast days, in such
numbers as are prescribed, they must always be present before the LORDt
32
and observe what is prescribed for them concerning the tent of meeting, the sanctuary, and the sons of
Aaron, their kinsmen, in the service of the house of the LORD.u

a. [23:1] 1 Chr 28:5; 1 Kgs 1:30.

b. [23:3] Nm 4:3, 23, 30, 35, 39, 43, 47; 8:23–26; 2 Chr 31:17.

c. [23:5] 1 Chr 9:22.

d. [23:6] 1 Chr 6:1, 16–30; 26:1–19; Ex 6:16; Nm 3:17; 26:57.

e. [23:8] 1 Chr 26:21–22; 29:8.

f. [23:12] 1 Chr 26:23; Ex 6:18; Nm 3:19; 26:58–61.

g. [23:13] 1 Chr 6:49; Ex 6:20; 28:1; Nm 6:23.

h. [23:15] Ex 2:22; 18:3–4.

i. [23:16] 1 Chr 26:24.

j. [23:19] 1 Chr 24:23.

k. [23:20] 1 Chr 24:24–25.

l. [23:21] 1 Chr 6:29; 24:26, 28–29; Ex 6:19; Nm 3:20, 33.

m. [23:22] 1 Chr 24:28–29.

n. [23:23] 1 Chr 6:47; 24:30.

o. [23:24] 2 Chr 31:17; Ezr 3:8.

p. [23:25] 1 Chr 22:18; Ps 132:13.

q. [23:26] 1 Chr 15:15; 2 Chr 35:3.

r. [23:29] 1 Chr 9:29, 31–32; Lv 2:1, 4–5; 24:5–8.

s. [23:30] Nm 28:3–8.

t. [23:31] Nm 28:2–29:39.

u. [23:32] Nm 3:6–9; 18:2–5.

1Chronicles Chapter 22 (Bible Marathon Day 180)

1Chronicles Chapter 22 (Bible Marathon Day 180)

1
Thus David said, “This is the house of the LORD God, and this is the altar for burnt offerings for Israel.”a
2
* David then ordered that the resident aliens in the land of Israel should be brought together, and he
appointed them stonecutters to hew out stone blocks for building the house of God.b
3
David also laid up large stores of iron to make nails for the doors of the gates, and clamps, together with
so much bronze that it could not be weighed,c
4
and cedar trees without number. The Sidonians and Tyrians brought great stores of cedar logs to David.d
5
David said: “My son Solomon is young and inexperienced; but the house that is to be built for the LORD
must be made so magnificent that it will be renowned and glorious in all lands. Therefore I will make
preparations for it.” Thus before his death David laid up materials in abundance.e

Charge to Solomon.
6
Then he summoned his son Solomon and commanded him to build a house for the LORD, the God of
Israel.
7
f David said to Solomon: “My son, it was my purpose to build a house myself for the name of the LORD,
my God.
8
But this word of the LORD came to me: You have shed much blood, and you have waged great wars.
You may not build a house for my name, because you have shed too much blood upon the earth in my
sight.
9
However, a son will be born to you. He will be a peaceful man, and I will give him rest from all his enemies
on every side. For Solomon shall be his name, and in his time I will bestow peace* and tranquility on
Israel.g
10
It is he who shall build a house for my name; he shall be a son to me, and I will be a father to him,h and I
will establish the throne of his kingship over Israel forever.
11
“Now, my son, the LORD be with you, and may you succeed in building the house of the LORD your God,
as he has said you shall.
12
But may the LORD give you prudence and discernment when he gives you command over Israel, so that
you keep the law of the LORD, your God.
13
Only then shall you succeed, if you are careful to observe the statutes and ordinances which the LORD
commanded Moses for Israel. Be strong and steadfast; do not fear or be dismayed.i
14
See, with great effort I have laid up for the house of the LORD a hundred thousand talents of gold,* a
million talents of silver, and bronze and iron in such great quantities that they cannot be weighed. I have
also laid up wood and stones, to which you must add.j
15
Moreover, you have available workers, stonecutters, masons, carpenters, and experts in every craft,
16
without number, skilled with gold, silver, bronze, and iron. Set to work, therefore, and the LORD be with
you!”

Charge to the Officials.
17
David also commanded all of the officials of Israel to help his son Solomon:
18
“Is not the LORD your God with you? Has he not given you rest on every side? Indeed, he has delivered
the inhabitants of the land into my power, and the land is subdued before the LORD and his people.k
19
Therefore, devote your hearts and souls to seeking the LORD your God. Proceed to build the sanctuary
of the LORD God, that the ark of the covenant of the LORD and God’s sacred vessels may be brought
into the house built for the name of the LORD.”l

* [22:2–4] According to 1 Kgs 5:15–32, Solomon himself made the material preparations for building the
Temple, even though David had wished to do so (1 Kgs 5:17–19). The Chronicler, however, seeks to
enhance David’s role in the building of the Temple.

* [22:9] The Hebrew word for peace, shalom, is reflected in the name Solomon, in Hebrew, Shelomo. The
Chronicler draws a contrast here between Solomon, the “peaceful man,” and David, who “waged great
wars” (v. 8). David was prevented from building the Temple, not only because his time was taken up in
waging war (1 Kgs 5:17), but also because he shed much blood (1 Chr 22:8), thereby making himself, in
the Chronicler’s view, ritually unfit for the task.

* [22:14] A hundred thousand talents of gold: about 3,775 tons of gold. A million talents of silver: about
37,750 tons of silver. These highly exaggerated figures are intended to stress the inestimable value of the
Temple as the center of Israelite worship. More modest figures are given in 1 Kgs 9:14, 28; 10:10, 14.

a. [22:1] 1 Chr 21:18, 26, 28; 2 Chr 3:1.

b. [22:2] 1 Kgs 5:31–32; 9:20–21; 2 Chr 2:16–17.

c. [22:3] 1 Chr 18:8; 1 Kgs 7:47.

d. [22:4] Ezr 3:7; 2 Chr 2:9.

e. [22:5] 1 Chr 29:1.

f. [22:7–10] 1 Chr 17:1–14; 28:2–7; 2 Sm 7:1–16; 1 Kgs 5:17–19; 8:17–21.

g. [22:9] 2 Sm 12:24.

h. [22:10] Heb 1:5.

i. [22:13] 1 Chr 28:7, 20; Dt 31:6, 23; Jos 1:6–7, 9; 1 Kgs 2:2–3.

j. [22:14] 1 Chr 29:2–5.

k. [22:18] 1 Chr 23:25; Jos 21:44; 23:1; 2 Sm 7:1.

l. [22:19] 1 Kgs 8:6, 21; 2 Chr 5:7; 6:11.

1Chronicles Chapter 21 (Bible Marathon Day 179)

1Chronicles Chapter 21 (Bible Marathon Day 179)

David’s Census; the Plague.
1
a A satan* rose up against Israel, and he incited David to take a census of Israel.b
2
David therefore said to Joab and to the other generals of the army, “Go, number the Israelites from Beer-
sheba to Dan, and report back to me that I may know their number.”
3
But Joab replied: “May the LORD increase his people a hundredfold! My lord king, are not all of them my
lord’s subjects? Why does my lord seek to do this thing? Why should he bring guilt upon Israel?”
4
However, the king’s command prevailed over Joab, who departed and traversed all of Israel, and then
returned to Jerusalem.
5
Joab reported the census figures to David: of men capable of wielding a sword, there were in all Israel
one million one hundred thousand, and in Judah four hundred and seventy thousand.
6
Levi and Benjamin, however, he did not include in the census, for the king’s command was repugnant to
Joab.c
7
This command was evil in the sight of God, and he struck Israel.
8
Then David said to God, “I have sinned greatly in doing this thing. Take away your servant’s guilt, for I
have acted very foolishly.”
9
Then the LORD spoke to Gad, David’s seer, in these words:d
10
Go, tell David: Thus says the LORD: I am laying out three options; choose one of them, and I will inflict it on
you.
11
Accordingly, Gad went to David and said to him: “Thus says the LORD: Decide now—
12
will it be three years of famine; or three months of fleeing your enemies, with the sword of your foes ever at
your back; or three days of the LORD’s own sword, a plague in the land, with the LORD’s destroying
angel in every part of Israel? Now consider: What answer am I to give him who sent me?”
13
Then David said to Gad: “I am in serious trouble. But let me fall into the hand of the LORD, whose mercy is
very great, rather than into hands of men.”
14
Therefore the LORD sent a plague upon Israel, and seventy thousand Israelites died.
15
God also sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it; but as the angel was on the point of destroying it, the
LORD saw and changed his mind about the calamity, and said to the destroying angel, “Enough now!
Stay your hand!”e
Ornan’s Threshing Floor. The angel of the LORD was then standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the
Jebusite.
16
When David raised his eyes, he saw the angel of the LORD standing between earth and heaven, drawn
sword in hand stretched out against Jerusalem.f David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell face
down,
17
and David prayed to God: “Was it not I who ordered the census of the people? I am the one who sinned, I
did this wicked thing. But these sheep, what have they done? O LORD, my God, strike me and my father’s
family, but do not afflict your people with this plague!”
18
Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to tell David to go up and set up an altar to the LORD on
the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.g
19
David went up at the word of Gad, which he spoke in the name of the LORD.
20
Ornan turned around and saw the king; his four sons who were with him hid themselves, but Ornan kept
on threshing wheat.
21
But as David came toward Ornan, he looked up and saw that it was David, and left the threshing floor and
bowed down before David, his face to the ground.
22
David said to Ornan: “Sell me the site of this threshing floor, that I may build on it an altar to the LORD. Sell
it to me at its full price, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people.”
23
But Ornan said to David: “Take it as your own, and let my lord the king do what is good in his sight. See, I
also give you the oxen for the burnt offerings, the threshing sledges for the wood, and the wheat for the
grain offering. I give it all to you.”
24
But King David replied to Ornan: “No! I will buy it from you properly, at its full price. I will not take what is
yours for the LORD, nor bring burnt offerings that cost me nothing.”
25
So David paid Ornan six hundred shekels of gold* for the place.

Altar for Burnt Offerings.
26
David then built an altar there to the LORD, and sacrificed burnt offerings and communion offerings. He
called upon the LORD, who answered him by sending down fire from heaven upon the altar for burnt
offerings.h
27
Then the LORD gave orders to the angel to return his sword to its sheath.
28
Once David saw that the LORD had answered him at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he
continued to offer sacrifices there.
29
The tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar for burnt offerings
were at that time on the high place at Gibeon.i
30
But David could not go into his presence to inquire of God, for he was fearful of the sword of the angel of
the LORD.

* [21:1] A satan: in the parallel passage (2 Sm 24:1) David is led astray because of the Lord’s anger. The
Chronicler’s modification reflects the changed theological outlook of postexilic Israel, when evil was no
longer attributed directly to God. At an earlier period the Hebrew word satan (“adversary,” or, especially in
a court of law, “accuser”) designated both human beings (1 Kgs 11:14) and a “son of God” who accused
people before God (Jb 1:6–12; 2:1–7; Zec 3:1–2). In later Judaism (cf. Wis 2:24) and in the New
Testament, satan, or the “devil” (from diablos, the Greek translation of the Hebrew word), designates an
evil spirit who tempts people to do wrong.

* [21:25] Six hundred shekels of gold: according to 2 Sm 24:24, David paid only fifty shekels of silver for
Ornan’s threshing floor; the Chronicler’s higher figure reflects the value the site of the future Temple had in
his eyes.

a. [21:1–27] 2 Sm 24:1–25.

b. [21:1] Zec 3:1–2.

c. [21:6] 1 Chr 27:24; Nm 1:49.

d. [21:9] 1 Chr 29:29; 1 Sm 9:9; 2 Chr 29:25.

e. [21:15] Gn 6:6; Ex 32:14; 2 Sm 24:16; Jon 3:10.

f. [21:16] Jos 5:13.

g. [21:18] 2 Chr 3:1.

h. [21:26] Lv 9:24; Jgs 6:21; 1 Kgs 18:38; 2 Chr 7:1; 2 Mc 2:10–12.

i. [21:29] 1 Chr 16:39; 1 Kgs 8:4; 2 Chr 1:3.