Joshua Chapter 24 (Bible Marathon Day 105)

Joshua Chapter 24 (Bible Marathon Day 105)

Covenant Ceremony.
a Joshua gathered together all the tribes of Israel at Shechem, summoning the elders, leaders, judges, and
officers of Israel. When they stood in ranks before God,
Joshua addressed all the people: “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: In times past your ancestors,
down to Terah,b father of Abraham and Nahor, lived beyond the River* and served other gods.
But I brought your father Abraham from the region beyond the River and led him through the entire land of
Canaan.c I made his descendants numerous, and gave him Isaac.
To Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau.d To Esau I assigned the mountain region of Seir to possess, while Jacob
and his children went down to Egypt.
“Then I sent Moses and Aaron, and struck Egypt with the plagues and wonders that I wrought in her midst.e
Afterward I led you out.
And when I led your ancestors out of Egypt, you came to the sea, and the Egyptians pursued your ancestors
to the Red Sea with chariots and charioteers.f
When they cried out to the LORD,g he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, upon whom he
brought the sea so that it covered them. Your eyes saw what I did to Egypt. After you dwelt a long time in the
h I brought you into the land of the Amorites who lived east of the Jordan. They fought against you, but I
delivered them into your power. You took possession of their land, and I destroyed them at your approach.
i Then Balak, son of Zippor, king of Moab, prepared to war against Israel. He summoned Balaam, son of
Beor, to curse you,
j but I would not listen to Balaam. Instead, he had to bless you, and I delivered you from his power.
Once you crossed the Jordank and came to Jericho, the citizens of Jericho fought against you, but I
delivered them also into your power.
And I sent the hornets* ahead of you which drove them—the Amorites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hittites,
Girgashites, Hivites, and Jebusites—out of your way; it was not your sword or your bow.l
I gave you a land you did not till and cities you did not build, to dwell in; you ate of vineyards and olive groves
you did not plant.m
n “Now, therefore, fear the LORD and serve him completely and sincerely. Cast out the gods your ancestors
served beyond the River and in Egypt, and serve the LORD.
o If it is displeasing to you to serve the LORD, choose today whom you will serve, the gods your ancestors
served beyond the River or the gods of the Amorites in whose country you are dwelling. As for me and my
household, we will serve the LORD.”
But the people answered, “Far be it from us to forsake the LORD to serve other gods.
For it was the LORD, our God, who brought us and our ancestors up out of the land of Egypt, out of the
house of slavery. He performed those great signs before our very eyes and protected us along our entire
journey and among all the peoples through whom we passed.
At our approach the LORD drove out all the peoples, including the Amorites who dwelt in the land. Therefore
we also will serve the LORD, for he is our God.”
Joshua in turn said to the people, “You may not be able to serve the LORD, for he is a holy God; he is a
passionate Godp who will not forgive your transgressions or your sins.
If you forsake the LORD and serve strange gods, he will then do evil to you and destroy you, after having
done you good.”
But the people answered Joshua, “No! We will serve the LORD.”
Joshua therefore said to the people, “You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen to serve
the LORD.” They replied, “We are witnesses!”
“Now, therefore, put away the foreign gods that are among you and turn your hearts to the LORD, the God of
Then the people promised Joshua, “We will serve the LORD, our God, and will listen to his voice.”
So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day and made statutes and ordinances for them at
Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God. Then he took a large stone and set it up there
under the terebinth that was in the sanctuary of the LORD.q
And Joshua said to all the people, “This stone shall be our witness,r for it has heard all the words which the
LORD spoke to us. It shall be a witness against you, should you wish to deny your God.”
Then Joshua dismissed the people, each to their own heritage.s

Death of Joshua.
t After these events, Joshua, son of Nun, servant of the LORD, died at the age of a hundred and ten,
and they buried him within the borders of his heritage at Timnath-serahu in the mountain region of Ephraim
north of Mount Gaash.*
Israel served the LORD during the entire lifetime of Joshua, and of those elders who outlived Joshua and
who knew all the work the LORD had done for Israel.
v The bones of Joseph,* which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt, were buried in Shechem in the plot
of ground Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor, father of Shechem, for a hundred pieces of money.
This was a heritage of the descendants of Joseph.
When Eleazar, son of Aaron, also died, he was buried on the hill which had been given to his son
Phinehasw in the mountain region of Ephraim.

* [24:2] Beyond the River: east of the Euphrates; cf. Gn 11:28–31.

* [24:12] The hornets: see note on Ex 23:28.

* [24:30] Following this verse the Greek translation of the Bible (the Septuagint) adds: “They laid with him
there, in the tomb where they buried him, the flint knives with which he had circumcised the Israelites at
Gilgal, when he brought them out of Egypt, as Yhwh commanded them. There they are to this very day.”

* [24:32] Joseph’s bones (Gn 50:24–26) and Jacob’s purchase of the burial ground (Gn 33:18–20) relate
Joshua with Genesis. A hundred pieces of money: see note on Gn 33:19.

a. [24:1] Ex 19:17.

b. [24:2] Gn 11:26, 31; 31:53.

c. [24:3] Gn 12:1; Acts 7:2–4.

d. [24:4] Gn 36:8; 46:1, 6; Acts 7:15.

e. [24:5] Ex 3:10; 7:14; 12:30.

f. [24:6] Ex 12:37, 51; 14:9.

g. [24:7] Ex 14:10, 20, 27–28.

h. [24:8] Nm 21:21–35.

i. [24:9] Nm 22:2–5.

j. [24:10] Nm 23:1–24:25.

k. [24:11] Jos 3:14; 6:1.

l. [24:12] Jos 3:10; 11:20; Ex 23:28; Dt 7:20; Ps 44:3.

m. [24:13] Dt 6:10–11.

n. [24:14] Dt 10:12; 1 Sm 7:3; 12:24; Tb 14:9.

o. [24:15] Dt 30:15–19; Jgs 2:11–13.

p. [24:19] Ex 20:5; 23:21; 34:14; Lv 19:2; Dt 5:9.

q. [24:26] Gn 28:18; 31:45; Jgs 9:6.

r. [24:27] Jos 4:1–9; Gn 31:48, 52; Dt 31:19, 21, 26.

s. [24:28] Jgs 2:6.

t. [24:29–31] Jgs 2:7–9.

u. [24:30] Jos 19:50.

v. [24:32] Gn 33:19; 50:24; Ex 13:19.

w. [24:33] Jos 22:13.

Joshua Chapter 23 (Bible Marathon Day 105)

Joshua Chapter 23 (Bible Marathon Day 105)

Joshua’s Final Plea.
Many years later, after the LORD had given the Israelites rest from all their enemies round about them, and
when Joshua was old and advanced in years,a
he summoned all Israel, including their elders, leaders, judges and officers, and said to them: “I am old and
advanced in years.b
You have seen all that the LORD, your God, has done for you against all these nations; for it has been the
LORD, your God, who fought for you.
c See, I have apportioned among your tribes as their heritage the nations that survive, as well as those I
destroyed, between the Jordan and the Great Sea in the west.
The LORD, your God, will drive them out and dispossess them at your approach, so that you will take
possession of their land as the LORD, your God, promised you.
Therefore be strong and be careful to observe all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, never turning
from it right or left,d
or mingling with these nations that survive among you. You must not invoke their gods by name, or swear by
them, or serve them, or bow down to them,e
but you must hold fast to the LORD, your God, as you have done up to this day.
At your approach the LORD has dispossessed great and strong nations; not one has withstood you up to
this day.
One of you puts to flight a thousand, because it is the LORD, your God, himself who fights for you,f as he
promised you.
As for you, take great care to love the LORD, your God.
For if you ever turn away from him and join with the remnant of these nations that survive among you, by
intermarrying and intermingling with them,g
know for certain that the LORD, your God, will no longer dispossess these nations at your approach. Instead
they will be a snare and a trap for you, a scourge for your sides and thorns for your eyes, until you perish
from this good land which the LORD, your God, has given you.h

“Today, as you see, I am going the way of all the earth.* So now acknowledge with your whole heart and
soul that not one of all the promises the LORD, your God, made concerning you has failed. Every one has
come true for you; not one has failed.
i But just as every promise the LORD, your God, made to you has come true for you, so will he bring upon
you every threat,* even so far as to exterminate you from this good land which the LORD, your God, has
given you.
If you transgress the covenant of the LORD, your God, which he enjoined on you, to go and serve other
gods and bow down to them, the anger of the LORD will flare up against you and you will quickly perish from
the good land he has given you.”

* [23:14] Going the way of all the earth: drawing near to death, the inevitable end of all; cf. 1 Kgs 2:1–2.

* [23:15] Every threat: mentioned especially in the list of curses in Dt 28:15–68.

a. [23:1] Jos 13:1.

b. [23:2] Dt 29:10.

c. [23:4] Jos 13:2–7; 14:2; 18:10; Ps 78:55.

d. [23:6] Jos 1:7.

e. [23:7] Ex 20:3–6; Dt 5:7–10; 7:2–11.

f. [23:10] Ex 14:14; Lv 26:8; Dt 3:22.

g. [23:12] Ex 34:16; Dt 7:3.

h. [23:13] Nm 33:55.

i. [23:15] Lv 26:14–39; Dt 28:15–68.

Joshua Chapter 22 (Bible Marathon Day 104)

Joshua Chapter 22 (Bible Marathon Day 104)

The Eastern Tribes Dismissed.
At that time Joshua summoned the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh
and said to them:a “You have observed all that Moses, the servant of the LORD, commanded you, and have listened to my voice in everything I commanded you.
For many years now, even until today, you have not abandoned your allies, but have taken care to observe the commands of the LORD, your God.
Now that the LORD, your God, has settled your allies as he promised them, you may return to your tents, to your own land, which Moses, the servant of the LORD, gave you, across the Jordan.b
But be very careful to observe the commandment and the law which Moses, the servant of the LORD, commanded you: love the LORD, your God,c follow him in all his ways, keep his commandments, hold fast to him, and serve him with your whole heart and your whole self.”
Joshua then blessed them and sent them away, and they went to their tents.

(For, to half of the tribe of Manasseh Moses had assigned land in Bashan;d and to the other half Joshua had given a portion along with their allies west of the Jordan.) When Joshua sent them away to their tents and blessed them,
he said, “Now that you are returning to your own tents with great wealth, with abundant livestock, with silver, gold, bronze and iron, and with a very large supply of clothing, divide these spoils of your enemies with your allies there.”e
So the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh left the other Israelites at Shiloh in the land of Canaan and returned to the land of Gilead, their own land, which they had received according to the LORD’s command through Moses.f
The Altar Beside the Jordan.
When the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh came to the region of the Jordan in the land of Canaan, they built an altar there at the Jordan, an impressively large altar.
The other Israelites heard the report:g “The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh have built an altar” in the region of the Jordan facing the land of Canaan,* across from the Israelites.
When the Israelites heard this, they assembled at Shiloh, as the entire Israelite community to take military action against them.*
Accusation of the Western Tribes.
The Israelites sent Phinehas, son of Eleazar the priest, to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh in the land of Gilead,h
and with him ten leaders, one from each tribe of Israel, each one the head of an ancestral house among the clans of Israel.
When these came to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh in the land of Gilead, they said to them:
“Thus says the whole community of the LORD: What act of treachery is this you have committed against the God of Israel? This day you have turned from following the LORD; by building an altar of your own you have rebelled against the LORD this day.
Is the iniquity of Peor not enough, by which we made ourselves impure, even to this day, and a plague came upon the community of the LORD?i
If today you turn away from following the LORD, and rebel against the LORD, tomorrow he will be angry with the whole community of Israel!
If you consider the land you now possess unclean,* cross over to the land the LORD possesses, where the tabernacle of the LORD stands, and share that with us. But do not rebel against the LORD, nor involve us in rebellion, by building an altar of your own in addition to the altar of the LORD, our God.
When Achan, son of Zerah,j acted treacherously by violating the ban, was it not upon the entire community of Israel that wrath fell? Though he was but a single man, he did not perish alone* for his guilt!”
Reply of the Eastern Tribes.
The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh replied to the heads of the Israelite clans:
“The LORD is the God of gods. The LORD, the God of gods,* knows and Israel shall know. If now we have acted out of rebellion or treachery against the LORD, our God, do not try to save us this day,
and if we have built an altar of our own to turn from following the LORD, or to sacrifice burnt offerings, grain offerings, or communion sacrifices upon it, the LORD himself will exact the penalty.
We did it rather out of our anxious concern lest in the future your children should say to our children: ‘What have you to do with the LORD, the God of Israel?
For the LORD has placed the Jordan as a boundary between you and us, you Reubenites and Gadites. You have no share in the LORD.’ Thus your children would prevent ours from revering the LORD.
So we thought, ‘Let us act for ourselves by building this altar of our own’—not for burnt offerings or sacrifice,
k but as witness between us and you and our descendants, that we have the right to provide for the service of the LORD in his presence with our burnt offerings, sacrifices, and communion sacrifices. Now in the future your children cannot say to our children, ‘You have no share in the LORD.’
Our thought was that, if in the future they should speak thus to us or to our descendants, we could answer: ‘Look at the copy of the altar of the LORD which our ancestors made, not for burnt offerings or for sacrifices, but to witness* between you and us.’
Far be it from us to rebel against the LORD or to turn now from following the LORD by building an altar for burnt offering, grain offering, or sacrifice in addition to the altar of the LORD, our God, which stands before his tabernacle.”
When Phinehas the priest and the leaders of the community, the heads of the Israelite clans, heard what the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the Manassites had to say, they were satisfied.
Phinehas, son of Eleazar the priest, said to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the Manassites, “Today we know that the LORD is in our midst. Since you have not rebelled against the LORD by this act of treachery, you have delivered the Israelites from the hand of the LORD.”
Phinehas, son of Eleazar the priest, and the leaders returned from the Reubenites and the Gadites in the land of Gilead to the Israelites in the land of Canaan, and reported the matter to them.
The report satisfied the Israelites, who blessed God and decided not to take military action against the Reubenites and Gadites nor to ravage the land where they lived.
The Reubenites and the Gadites gave the altar its name* as a witness among them that the LORD is God.
* [22:11] In the region of the Jordan facing the land of Canaan: on the eastern side of the Jordan valley. The river itself formed the boundary between these eastern tribes and the rest of the tribes who lived in what was formerly Canaan—though the term “Canaan” could also be used of both sides of the Jordan valley (cf. v. 10). The Transjordan tribes naturally built their altar in their own territory.

* [22:12] To take military action against them: the western Israelites considered this altar, which seemed to violate the customary unity of the sanctuary (cf. Lv 17:1–9; Dt 12:4–14), as constituting rebellion against the Lord and compromising national unity.

* [22:19] Unclean: not sanctified by the tabernacle.

* [22:20] Achan…did not perish alone: his guilt caused the failure of the first attack on Ai (7:4–23); this fact is adduced as an argument for the solidarity and mutual responsibility of all the Israelites.

* [22:22] The LORD, the God of gods: the Hebrew, which cannot be adequately rendered in English here, adds to the divine name Yhwh (“the LORD”) two synonymous words for “God,” ’el and ’elohim. The repetition of these three sacred words adds force to the protestations of fidelity and innocence.

* [22:28] To witness: far from being destined to form a rival sanctuary, the copy of the altar is intended by the eastern tribes solely as a means of teaching their children to be faithful to the one true sanctuary beyond the Jordan.

* [22:34] The name of this altar was the Hebrew word for “witness,” ‘ed.

a. [22:2–6] Jos 1:12–17; Nm 32:20–32; Dt 3:18–20.

b. [22:4] Jos 13:8.

c. [22:5] Dt 6:5–6, 17; 10:12; 11:1, 13, 22.

d. [22:7] Jos 17:5.

e. [22:8] Nm 31:27.

f. [22:9] Jos 18:1; Nm 32:1, 26, 29.

g. [22:11] Dt 12:5, 11–14; 13:13–17.

h. [22:13] Ex 6:25; Sir 45:23–24.

i. [22:17] Nm 25:3–4; Dt 4:3.

j. [22:20] Jos 7:1, 5.

k. [22:27] Ex 27:1–8; Dt 12:5–6, 11–14.

Joshua Chapter 21 (Bible Marathon Day 104)

Joshua Chapter 21 (Bible Marathon Day 104)

Levitical Cities.
The heads of the Levite families* approached Eleazar the priest, Joshua, son of Nun, and the heads of
families of the other tribes of the Israelitesa
at Shiloh in the land of Canaan, and said to them, “The LORD commanded, through Moses, that cities be
given us to dwell in, with pasture lands for our livestock.”b
Out of their own heritage, according to the command of the LORD, the Israelites gave the Levites the
following cities with their pasture lands.

When the first lot among the Levites fell to the clans of the Kohathites, the descendants of Aaron the priest
obtained by lot from the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin, thirteen cities.
From the clans of the tribe of Ephraim, from the tribe of Dan, and from the half-tribe of Manasseh, the rest of
the Kohathites obtained by lot ten cities.c
From the clans of the tribe of Issachar, from the tribe of Asher, from the tribe of Naphtali, and from the half-
tribe of Manasseh, the Gershonites obtained by lot thirteen cities.
From the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun, the clans of the Merarites obtained twelve cities.
These cities with their pasture lands the Israelites gave by lot to the Levites, as the LORD had commanded
through Moses.
Cities of the Priests.
d From the tribes of the Judahites and Simeonites they gave the following cities
and assigned them to the descendants of Aaron in the Kohathite clan of the Levites, since the first lot fell to
first, Kiriath-arba (Arba was the father of Anak), that is, Hebron, in the mountain region of Judah, with the
adjacent pasture lands,
although the open country and villages belonging to the city had been given to Caleb, son of Jephunneh, as
his holding.e
Thus to the descendants of Aaron the priest were given the city of refuge for homicides at Hebron, with its
pasture lands; also, Libnah with its pasture lands,
Jattir with its pasture lands, Eshtemoa with its pasture lands,
Holon with its pasture lands, Debir with its pasture lands,
Ain with its pasture lands, Juttah with its pasture lands, and Beth-shemesh with its pasture lands: nine cities
from these two tribes.
From the tribe of Benjamin they obtained Gibeon with its pasture lands, Geba with its pasture lands,
Anathothf with its pasture lands, and Almon with its pasture lands: four cities.
These cities which with their pasture lands belonged to the priestly descendants of Aaron, were thirteen in
Cities of the Other Kohathites.
g The rest of the Kohathite clans among the Levites obtained by lot, from the tribe of Ephraim, four cities.
They were assigned, with its pasture lands, the city of refuge for homicides at Shechem in the mountain
region of Ephraim; also Gezer with its pasture lands,
Kibzaim with its pasture lands, and Beth-horon with its pasture lands.
From the tribe of Dan they obtained Elteke with its pasture lands, Gibbethon with its pasture lands,
Aijalon with its pasture lands, and Gath-rimmon with its pasture lands: four cities.
From the half-tribe of Manasseh, Taanach with its pasture lands, and Gath-rimmon with its pasture lands:
two cities.
These cities which with their pasture lands belonged to the rest of the Kohathite clans were ten in all.
Cities of the Gershonites.
h The Gershonite clan of the Levites received from the half-tribe of Manasseh the city of refuge for homicides
at Golan in Bashan, with its pasture lands; and also Beth-Astharoth with its pasture lands: two cities.
From the tribe of Issachar they obtained Kishion with its pasture lands, Daberath with its pasture lands,
Jarmuth with its pasture lands, and En-gannim with its pasture lands: four cities.
From the tribe of Asher, Mishal with its pasture lands, Abdon with its pasture lands,
Helkath with its pasture lands, and Rehob with its pasture lands: four cities.
From the tribe of Naphtali, the city of refuge for homicides at Kedesh in Galilee, with its pasture lands; also
Hammath with its pasture lands, and Kartan with its pasture lands: three cities.
The cities which belonged to the Gershonite clans, with their pasture lands, were thirteen in all.
Cities of the Merarites.
i The Merarite clans, the last of the Levites, received, from the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with its pasture
lands, Kartah with its pasture lands,
Dimnah with its pasture lands, and Nahalal with its pasture lands: four cities.
Also, across the Jordan, from the tribe of Reuben, the city of refuge for homicides at Bezer with its pasture
lands, Jahaz with its pasture lands,
Kedemoth with its pasture lands, and Mephaath with its pasture lands: four cities.
From the tribe of Gad, the city of refuge for homicides at Ramoth in Gilead with its pasture lands, Mahanaim
with its pasture lands,
Heshbon with its pasture lands, and Jazer with its pasture lands: four cities in all.
The cities allotted to the Merarite clans, the last of the Levites, were therefore twelve in all.
Thus the total number of citiesj within the territory of the Israelites which, with their pasture lands, belonged to
the Levites, was forty-eight.
With each and every one of these cities went the pasture lands round about it.
And so the LORD gave Israel the entire land he had sworn to their ancestors he would give them.k Once
they had taken possession of it, and dwelt in it,
the LORD gave them peace on every side, just as he had promised their ancestors. Not one of their
enemies could withstand them; the LORD gave all their enemies into their power.
Not a single word of the blessingl that the LORD had promised to the house of Israel failed; it all came true.

* [21:1] The order to establish special cities for the Levites is given in Nm 35:1–8. The forty-eight cities listed
here were hardly the exclusive possession of the Levites; at least the more important of them, such as
Hebron, Shechem, and Ramoth in Gilead, were certainly peopled for the most part by the tribe in whose
territory they were situated. But in all these cities the Levites had special property rights which they did not
possess in other cities; cf. Lv 25:32–34.

a. [21:1] Ex 6:16–19; Nm 3:17–20.

b. [21:2–3, 8] Nm 35:1–8.

c. [21:5] Gn 46:11.

d. [21:9–19] 1 Chr 6:39–66.

e. [21:12] Jos 14:14; 15:13.

f. [21:18] Jer 1:1.

g. [21:20–26] 1 Chr 6:51–55.

h. [21:27–33] 1 Chr 6:56–61.

i. [21:34–38] 1 Chr 6:62–66.

j. [21:41] Nm 35:7.

k. [21:43] Gn 12:7; 13:15; 15:18; 26:3; 28:4, 13.

l. [21:45] Jos 23:14–15.

Joshua Chapter 20 (Bible Marathon Day 103)

Joshua Chapter 20 (Bible Marathon Day 103)

Cities of Refuge.
a The LORD said to Joshua:*
Tell the Israelites: Designate for yourselves the cities of refuge of which I spoke to you through Moses,
to which anyone guilty of inadvertent and unintentional homicide may flee for asylum from the avenger of
To one of these cities the killer shall flee, and standing at the entrance of the city gate, shall plead his case in
the hearing of the elders of the city, who must receive him and assign him a place in which to live among
Though the avenger of blood pursues him, they shall not deliver up to him the one who killed a neighbor
unintentionally, when there had been no hatred previously.
Once he has stood judgment before the community, he shall live on in that city until the death of the high
priest who is in office at the time. Then the killer may return home to the city from where he originally fled.

List of Cities.
So they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the mountain region of Naphtali, Shechem in the mountain region of
Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the mountain region of Judah.b
And beyond the Jordan east of Jericho they designated Bezer in the wilderness on the tableland in the tribe
of Reuben, Ramoth in Gilead in the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan in the tribe of Manasseh.c
These are the designated cities to which any Israelite or alien residing among them who had killed a person
unintentionally might flee to escape death at the hand of the avenger of blood, until the killer could appear
before the community.
* [20:1–9] The laws concerning the cities of refuge are given in Nm 35:9–28; Dt 19:1–13; see notes on Nm
35:16–25; Dt 19:2.

a. [20:1–9] Ex 21:12–14; Nm 35:9–15; Dt 4:41–43; 19:1–10.

b. [20:7] Jos 15:13; 19:37; 21:21.

c. [20:8] Jos 21:27, 36.

Joshua Chapter 19 (Bible Marathon Day 103)

Joshua Chapter 19 (Bible Marathon Day 103)

The second lot fell to Simeon. The heritage of the tribe of Simeonites by their clans lay within that of the
a For their heritage they received Beer-sheba, Shema, Moladah,
Hazar-shual, Balah, Ezem,
Eltolad, Bethul, Hormah,
Ziklag, Bethmar-caboth, Hazar-susah,
Beth-lebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages.
Also Ain, Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages,
besides all the villages around these cities as far as Baalath-beer (that is, Ramoth-negeb). This was the
heritage of the tribe of the Simeonites by their clans.
This heritage of the Simeonites was within the confines of the Judahites; for since the portion of the latter was
too large for them, the Simeonites obtained their heritage within it.

* The third lot fell to the Zebulunites by their clans. The boundary of their heritage was at Sarid.
Their boundary went up west and through Mareal, reaching Dabbesheth and the wadi that is near
From Sarid eastward it ran to the district of Chisloth-tabor, on to Daberath, and up to Japhia.
From there it continued eastward to Gath-hepher and to Eth-kazin, extended to Rimmon, and turned to
Skirting north of Hannathon, the boundary ended at the valley of Iphtahel.
Thus, with Kattath, Nahalal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem, there were twelve cities and their villages.
This was the heritage of the Zebulunites by their clans, these cities and their villages.

* The fourth lot fell to Issachar. The territory of the Issacharites by their clans
included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem,
Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath,
Rabbith, Kishion, Ebez,
Remeth, En-gannim, En-haddah, and Beth-pazzez.
The boundary reached Tabor, Shahazumah, and Beth-shemesh, ending at the Jordan: sixteen cities and
their villages.
This was the heritage of the Issacharites by their clans, these cities and their villages.
* The fifth lot fell to the Asherites by their clans.
Their territory included Helkath, Hali, Beten, Achshaph,
Allammelech, Amad, and Mishal, and reached Carmel on the west, and Shihor-libnath.
In the other direction, it ran eastward of Beth-dagon, reached Zebulun and the valley of Iphtahel; then north
of Beth-emek and Neiel, it extended northward to Cabul,
Ebron, Rehob,b Hammon, and Kanah, near Greater Sidon.
Then the boundary turned back to Ramah and to the fortress city of Tyre; thence it cut back to Hosah and
ended at the sea. Thus, with Mahalab, Achzib,
Ummah, Acco, Aphek, and Rehob, there were twenty-two cities and their villages.
This was the heritage of the tribe of the Asherites by their clans, these cities and their villages.

* The sixth lot fell to the Naphtalites.
Their boundary extended from Heleph, from the oak at Zaanannim, including Adami-nekeb and Jabneel, to
Lakkum, and ended at the Jordan.
In the opposite direction, westerly, it ran through Aznoth-tabor and from there extended to Hukkok; it reached
Zebulun on the south, Asher on the west, and the Jordan on the east.
The fortified cities were Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chinnereth,
Adamah, Ramah, Hazor,
Kedesh, Edrei, En-hazor,
Yiron, Migdal-el, Horem, Beth-anath, and Beth-shemesh;c nineteen cities and their villages.
This was the heritage of the tribe of the Naphtalites by their clans, these cities and their villages.

* The seventh lot fell to the tribe of Danites by their clans.
Their heritage was the territory of Zorah, Eshtaol, Ir-shemesh,
Shaalabbin, Aijalon, Ithlah,d
Elon, Timnah, Ekron,
Eltekoh, Gibbethon, Baalath,
Jehud, Bene-berak, Gath-rimmon,
Me-jarkon, and Rakkon, with the coast at Joppa.
e But the territory of the Danites was too small for them; so the Danites marched up and attacked Leshem,*
which they captured and put to the sword. Once they had taken possession of Leshem, they dwelt there and
named it after their ancestor Dan.
This was the heritage of the tribe of the Danites by their clans, these cities and their villages.
Joshua’s City.
When the last of them had received the portions of the land they were to inherit, the Israelites assigned a
heritage in their midst to Joshua, son of Nun.
According to the command of the LORD, they gave him the city he requested, Timnah-serahf in the mountain
region of Ephraim. He rebuilt the city and made it his home.
These are the heritages which Eleazar the priest, Joshua, son of Nun, and the heads of families in the tribes
of the Israelites apportioned by lot in the presence of the LORD, at the door of the tent of meeting in Shiloh.
Thus they finished dividing the land.

* [19:10–16] Zebulun’s territory was in the central section of the Jezreel Valley and of southern Galilee; it was
bounded on the south by Manasseh, on the southeast by Issachar, on the northeast and north by Naphtali,
and on the west by Asher. The site of the later city of Nazareth was within its borders. Bethlehem of Zebulun
was, of course, distinct from the city of the same name in Judah. Twelve cities: apparently seven of the
names are missing from v. 15, unless some of the places mentioned in vv. 12–14 are to be included in the

* [19:17–23] Issachar’s land was on the eastern watershed of the Jezreel Valley, but also included the
southeastern end of the Galilean mountains. It was surrounded by Manasseh on the south and east, by
Naphtali on the north, and by Zebulun on the west. Jezreel (v. 18) dominated the valley to which it gave its
name, the later form of which was Esdraelon.

* [19:24–31] Asher inherited the western slope of the Galilean hills as far as the Mediterranean, with
Manasseh to the south, Zebulun and Naphtali to the east, and Phoenicia to the north.

* [19:32–39] Naphtali received eastern Galilee; Asher was to the west and Zebulun and Issachar were to the
south, while the upper Jordan and Mount Hermon formed the eastern border. Part of the tribe of Dan later on
occupied the northern extremity of Naphtali’s lands, at the sources of the Jordan (v. 47).

* [19:40–46] The original territory of Dan was a small enclave between Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and the

* [19:47] Leshem: called Laish in Jgs 18, where the story of the migration of the Danites is told at greater

a. [19:2–8] 1 Chr 4:28–33.

b. [19:28–30] Jgs 1:31.

c. [19:38] Jgs 1:33.

d. [19:42] Jgs 1:35.

e. [19:47] Jgs 18:27–29.

f. [19:50] Jos 24:30; Jgs 2:9.

Joshua Chapter 18 (Bible Marathon Day 102)

Joshua Chapter 18 (Bible Marathon Day 102)

The whole community of the Israelites assembled at Shiloh, where they set up the tent of meeting; and the
land was subdued before them.a

The Seven Remaining Portions.
There remained seven tribes among the Israelites that had not yet received their heritage.
Joshua therefore said to the Israelites, “How much longer will you put off taking steps to possess the land
which the LORD, the God of your ancestors, has given you?
Choose three representatives from each of your tribes; I will send them to go throughout the land and
describe it for purposes of acquiring their heritage. When they return to me
you shall divide it into seven parts. Judah is to retain its territory in the south,b and the house of Joseph its
territory in the north.
You shall bring to me here the description of the land in seven sections. I will then cast lots for you here
before the LORD, our God.
For the Levites have no share among you,c because the priesthood of the LORD is their heritage; while
Gad, Reuben, and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received the heritage east of the Jordan which
Moses, the servant of the LORD, gave them.”
When those who were to describe the land were ready for their journey, Joshua commanded them, “Go
throughout the land and describe it; return to me and I will cast lots for you here before the LORD in Shiloh.”
So they went through the land, described its cities in writing in seven sections, and returned to Joshua in the
camp at Shiloh.
Joshua then cast lots for them before the LORD in Shiloh, and divided up the land for the Israelites into their
separate shares.
One lot fell to the tribe of Benjaminites by their clans. The territory allotted them lay between the descendants
of Judah and those of Joseph.
d Their northern boundary* began at the Jordan and went over the northern flank of Jericho, up westward
into the mountains, until it reached the wilderness of Beth-aven.
From there it crossed over to the southern flank of Luz (that is, Bethel). Then it ran down to Ataroth-addar, on
the mountaintop south of Lower Beth-horon.e
For the western border, the boundary line swung south from the mountaintop opposite Beth-horon until it
reached Kiriath-baal (that is, Kiriath-jearim; this city belonged to the Judahites). This was the western
The southern boundary began at the limits of Kiriath-jearim and projected to the spring at Nephtoah.
f It went down to the edge of the mountain on the north of the Valley of Rephaim, where it faces the Valley of
Ben-hinnom; and continuing down the Valley of Hinnom along the southern flank of the Jebusites, reached
Inclining to the north, it extended to En-shemesh, and thence to Geliloth, opposite the pass of Adummim.
Then it dropped to Eben-Bohan-ben-Reuben,
across the northern flank of the Arabah overlook, down into the Arabah.
From there the boundary continued across the northern flank of Beth-hoglah and extended northward to the
tongue of the Salt Sea, toward the southern end of the Jordan. This was the southern boundary.
The Jordan bounded it on the east. This was how the heritage of the Benjaminites by their clans was
bounded on all sides.
Now the cities belonging to the tribe of the Benjaminites by their clans were: Jericho, Beth-hoglah, Emek-
Beth-arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel,
Avvim, Parah, Ophra,
Chephar-ammoni, Ophni, and Geba; twelve cities and their villages.
Also Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth,
Mizpeh, Chephirah, Mozah,
Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah,
Zela, Haeleph, the Jebusite city (that is, Jerusalem), Gibeah, and Kiriath; fourteen cities and their villages.
This was the heritage of the clans of Benjaminites.
* [18:12–20] Benjamin’s northern boundary (vv. 12–13) corresponded to part of the southern boundary of
Ephraim (16:1–2). Their western border (v. 14) was the eastern border of Dan (cf. 19:40–47). Their southern
boundary (vv. 15–19) corresponded to part of the northern boundary of Judah (15:5–9).

a. [18:1] Jos 11:23; 14:15; 19:51.

b. [18:5] Jos 15:1–17:18.

c. [18:7] Jos 13:8, 33.

d. [18:12–13] Jos 16:1–5.

e. [18:13] Gn 28:19.

f. [18:16–18] Jos 15:6–8.