Deuteronomy Chapter 2 (Bible Marathon Day 77)

Deuteronomy Chapter 2 (Bible Marathon Day 77)
Northward Along Edom.
1
a Then we turned and proceeded into the wilderness on the Red Sea road,b as the LORD had told me, and circled around the highlands of Seir for a long time.
2
Finally the LORD said to me,
3
You have wandered round these highlands long enough; turn and go north.
4
Command the people: You are now about to pass through the territory of your relatives, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. Though they are afraid of you, be very careful
5
not to come in conflict with them, for I will not give you so much as a foot of their land, since I have already given Esau possession of the highlands of Seir.c
6
You shall purchase from them with money the food you eat; even the water you drink you shall buy from them with money.
7
Surely, the LORD, your God, has blessed you in all your undertakings; he has been concerned* about your journey through this vast wilderness. It is now forty years that the LORD, your God, has been with you, and you have lacked nothing.d
8
So we passed by our relatives, the descendants of Esau who live in Seir, leaving behind us the Arabah route, Elath, and Ezion-geber.

Along Moab. Then we turned and passed on toward the wilderness of Moab.
9
e And the LORD said to me, Do not show hostility to the Moabites or engage them in battle, for I will not give you possession of any of their land, since I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as their possession.f
10
(Formerly the Emim lived there, a people great and numerous and as tall as the Anakim;g
11
like the Anakim they are considered Rephaim, though the Moabites call them Emim.h
12
In Seir, however, the former inhabitants were the Horites;i the descendants of Esau dispossessed them, clearing them out of the way and dwelling in their place, just as Israel has done in the land of its possession which the LORD gave it.)
13
Now get ready to cross the Wadi Zered.
So we crossed the Wadi Zered.
14
j Now thirty-eight years had elapsed between our departure from Kadesh-barnea and the crossing of the Wadi Zered; in the meantime the whole generation of soldiers had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn they should.
15
Indeed the LORD’s own hand was against them, to rout them from the camp completely.
Along Ammon.
16
k When at length death had put an end to all the soldiers among the people,
17
the LORD said to me,
18
You are now about to leave Ar and the territory of Moab behind.
19
As you come opposite the Ammonites,l do not show hostility or come in conflict with them, for I will not give you possession of any land of the Ammonites, since I have given it to the descendants of Lot as their possession.
20
(This also is considered a country of the Rephaim; formerly the Rephaim dwelt there. The Ammonites call them Zamzummim,m
21
a people great and numerous and as tall as the Anakim. But these, too, the LORD cleared out of the way for the Ammonites, so that they dispossessed them and dwelt in their place.n
22
He did the same for the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, by clearing the Horites out of their way, so that they dispossessed them and dwelt in their place down to the present.o
23
As for the Avvim, who once lived in villages in the vicinity of Gaza,* the Caphtorim, migrating from Caphtor, cleared them away and dwelt in their place.)p
Defeat of Sihon.
24
q Advance now across the Wadi Arnon. I now deliver into your power Sihon, the Amorite king of Heshbon, and his land. Begin to take possession; engage him in battle.r
25
This day I will begin to put a fear and dread of you into the peoples everywhere under heaven, so that at the mention of your name they will quake and tremble before you.
26
So I sent messengers from the wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon, king of Heshbon, with this offer of peace:
27
“Let me pass through your country. I will travel only on the road. I will not turn aside either to the right or to the left.
28
The food I eat you will sell me for money, and the water I drink, you will give me for money. Only let me march through,
29
as the descendants of Esau who dwell in Seir and the Moabites who dwell in Ar have done, until I cross the Jordan into the land the LORD, our God, is about to give us.”s
30
But Sihon, king of Heshbon, refused to let us pass through his land, because the LORD, your God, made him stubborn in mind and obstinate in heart that he might deliver him into your power, as indeed he has now done.
31
Then the LORD said to me, Now that I have already begun to give over to you Sihon and his land, begin to take possession.
32
So Sihon and all his people advanced against us to join battle at Jahaz;
33
but since the LORD, our God, had given him over to us, we defeated him and his sons and all his people.
34
t At that time we captured all his cities and put every city under the ban,* men, women and children; we left no survivor.
35
Our only plunder was the livestock and the spoils of the captured cities.
36
From Aroer on the edge of the Wadi Arnon and from the town in the wadi itself, as far as Gilead,u no city was too well fortified for us. All of them the LORD, our God, gave over to us.
37
However, just as the LORD, our God, commanded us, you did not encroach upon any of the Ammonite land, neither the region bordering on the Wadi Jabbok, nor the cities of the highlands.v
* [2:7] Concerned: lit., “known”; cf. Ex 2:25.

* [2:23] Gaza: later a stronghold of the Philistines (cf. Jos 13:3). Caphtor: the island of Crete.

* [2:34] Under the ban: in Hebrew, herem, which means to devote to the Lord (cf. 7:1–5; 20:10–18). The biblical text often presents herem as the total extermination of a population as a manifestation of the will of the Lord. It is historically doubtful that Israel ever literally carried out this theological program.

a. [2:1–8] Nm 20:14–21; Jgs 11:15–17.

b. [2:1] Dt 1:40; Nm 14:25.

c. [2:5] Gn 36:6–8.

d. [2:7] Dt 8:2–5.

e. [2:9–13] Nm 21:12–15; Jgs 11:17–18.

f. [2:9] Gn 19:36–38.

g. [2:10] Dt 1:28.

h. [2:11] Dt 2:20; 3:11, 13; Gn 14:5; 15:20; Jos 12:4; 13:12; 17:15.

i. [2:12] Gn 14:6; 36:20–30.

j. [2:14–15] Nm 14:28–35.

k. [2:16–19] Nm 21:24.

l. [2:19] Gn 19:36–38.

m. [2:20] Dt 2:11; 3:11, 13; Gn 14:5; 15:20; Jos 12:4; 13:12; 17:15.

n. [2:21] Dt 1:28.

o. [2:22] Gn 14:6; 36:6–8, 20–30.

p. [2:23] Gn 10:14; Jos 13:3; 18:23; 1 Chr 1:12; Jer 47:4; Am 9:7.

q. [2:24–3:11] Dt 1:4; 29:7; 31:4; Jos 2:10; 9:10; 12:1–6; Neh 9:22; Ps 135:10–12; 136:17–22.

r. [2:24–37] Nm 21:21–32; Jgs 11:19–22.

s. [2:29] Dt 2:4–9.

t. [2:34–35] Dt 3:6; 7:2, 26; 13:16, 18; 20:16–18; Jos 10:40; 11:11–12.

u. [2:36] Dt 3:12–13; Jos 13:8–13, 15–23.

v. [2:37] Nm 21:24; Jos 12:2.

Deuteronomy Chapter 1 (Bible Marathon Day 77)

Deuteronomy Chapter 1 (Bible Marathon Day 77)
Introduction.
1
* These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah,
opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab.
2
It is a journey of eleven days from Horeb* to Kadesh-barnea by way of the highlands of Seir.

3
In the fortieth year,* on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the Israelites according to all that
the LORD had commanded him to speak to them,
4
after he had defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon,a and Og, king of Bashan, who
reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei.
5
Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to explain this law:
Departure from Horeb.
6
* b The LORD, our God, said to us at Horeb:* You have stayed long enough at this mountain.
7
Leave here and go to the hill country of the Amorites* and to all the surrounding regions, the Arabah, the
mountains, the Shephelah, the Negeb and the seacoast—the land of the Canaanites and the Lebanon as
far as the Great River, the Euphrates.
8
See, I have given that land over to you.c Go now and possess the land that the LORD swore to your
ancestors, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give to them and to their descendants after them.
Appointment of Elders.
9
d At that time I said to you, “I am unable to carry you by myself.e
10
The LORD, your God, has made you numerous, and now you are as numerous as the stars of the
heavens.f
11
May the LORD, the God of your ancestors, increase you a thousand times over, and bless you as he
promised!
12
But how can I, by myself, bear the weight, the contentiousness of you?
13
Provide wise, discerning, and reputable persons for each of your tribes, that I may appoint them as your
leaders.”
14
You answered me, “What you have proposed is good.”
15
So I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and reputable, and set them as leaders over you, commanders
over thousands, over hundreds, over fifties and over tens, and other tribal officers.
16
g I charged your judges at that time, “Listen to complaints among your relatives, and administer true justice to
both parties even if one of them is a resident alien.
17
In rendering judgment, do not consider who a person is; give ear to the lowly and to the great alike, fearing
no one, for the judgment is God’s. Any case that is too difficult for you bring to me and I will hear it.”
18
Thus I charged you, at that time, with all the things you were to do.
The Twelve Scouts.
19
h Then we set out from Horeb and journeyed through that whole vast and fearful wilderness that you have
seen, in the direction of the hill country of the Amorites, as the LORD, our God, had commanded; and we
came to Kadesh-barnea.i
20
I said to you, “You have come to the hill country of the Amorites, which the LORD, our God, is giving us.
21
See, the LORD, your God, has given this land over to you. Go up and take possession of it, as the LORD,
the God of your ancestors, has promised you. Do not fear or be dismayed.”
22
Then all of you approached me and said, “Let us send men ahead to spy out the land for us and report to us
on the road we should follow and the cities we will come upon.”
23
Agreeing with the proposal, I took twelve men from your number, one from each tribe.
24
They set out into the hill country as far as the Wadi Eshcol, and explored it.
25
Then, taking along some of the fruit of the land, they brought it down to us and reported, “The land the LORD,
our God, is giving us is good.”
Threats of Revolt.
26
j But you refused to go up;k you defied the command of the LORD, your God.
27
You set to murmuring in your tents, “Out of hatred for us the LORD has brought us out of the land of Egypt,l to
deliver us into the power of the Amorites and destroy us.
28
What shall we meet with up there? Our men have made our hearts melt by saying, ‘The people are bigger
and taller than we, and their cities are large and fortified to the sky; besides, we saw the Anakim* there.’”m
29
But I said to you, “Have no dread or fear of them.
30
n The LORD, your God, who goes before you, is the one who will fight for you, just as he acted with you
before your very eyes in Egypt,
31
as well as in the wilderness, where you saw how the LORD, your God, carried you, as one carries his own
child, all along your journey until you arrived at this place.”
32
Despite this, you would not trust the LORD, your God,
33
who journeys before you to find you a place to camp—by night in the fire, and by day in the cloud, to show
you the way to go.o
34
When the LORD heard your words, he was angry, and took an oath:
35
Not a single one of this evil generation shall look upon the good land I swore to give to your ancestors,
36
except Caleb,* son of Jephunneh. He shall see it, for to him and to his descendants I will give the land he
trod upon,p because he has fully followed the LORD.
37
The LORD was angered against me also on your account, and said, You shall not enter there either,q
38
but Joshua,r son of Nun, your attendant, shall enter. Encourage him, for he is the one who is to give Israel its
possession.
39
Your little ones, who you said would become plunder, and your children, who as yet do not know good from
evil—they shall enter there; to them I will give it, and they shall take possession of it.
40
But as for yourselves: turn back and proceed into the wilderness on the Red Sea road.
Unsuccessful Invasion.
41
s In reply you said to me, “We have sinned against the LORD. We will go up ourselves and fight, just as the
LORD, our God, commanded us.” And each of you girded on his weapons, making light of going up into the
hill country.
42
But the LORD said to me, Warn them: Do not go up and fight—for I will not be in your midst—lest you be
beaten down before your enemies.
43
I gave you this warning but you would not listen. You defied the LORD’s command and arrogantly went off
into the hill country.
44
Then the Amorites living in that hill country came out against you and put you to flight the way bees do, cutting
you down in Seir as far as Hormah.
45
On your return you wept before the LORD, but the LORD did not listen to your voice or give ear to you.
46
That is why you had to stay as long as you did at Kadesh.
* [1:1] The entire book of Deuteronomy is set “beyond the Jordan,” in the land of Moab (cf. v. 5; Nm 36:13),
on the eve of the Israelites’ crossing of the Jordan (Jos 3). The Arabah: the valley of the Jordan and the
depression south of the Dead Sea.

* [1:2] Horeb: an alternative name for Mount Sinai, the wilderness mountain where the Israelites received
revelation from God (cf. Ex 3; 19). Kadesh-barnea: the southern gateway to the land of Canaan, from which
Moses sent spies to reconnoiter the land (cf. Nm 13:26; 32:8). Seir: Edom, the land just south of Moab.

* [1:3] Fortieth year: counting from the exodus from Egypt (cf. Ex 12:2; 13:20–22).

* [1:6–3:29] Throughout this section Moses is reviewing the events following the departure from Horeb, as a
basis for the exhortation beginning in 4:1. Most of these events are narrated with some variation in the Book
of Numbers.

* [1:6] Horeb: the name given to the mountain of revelation in the Elohist and Deuteronomic traditions; this
mountain is called Sinai in the Yahwist and Priestly traditions.

* [1:7] The hill country of the Amorites: the central mountain range of Palestine. The Negeb: the arid land in
southern Palestine. The Lebanon: the mountain range of Phoenicia, north of Palestine. This is an idealized
presentation of the land the Israelites were to occupy; Israel never held power as far as the “Great River” (the
Euphrates). The Amorites and the Canaanites were only two of several different peoples occupying the land
(cf. 7:1).

* [1:28] Anakim: a people proverbially notable for height, mentioned in pre-Israelite Egyptian texts, and in the
biblical tradition associated with the region of Hebron and the hill country of Judah (Nm 13:22, 28, 33; Jos
11:21; 14:12, 15).

* [1:36] Except Caleb: and Joshua (v. 38).

a. [1:4] Dt 2:24–3:11; Nm 21:21–35.

b. [1:6–8] Ex 32:34–33:3.

c. [1:8] Dt 6:10, 23; 9:5, 27; 29:13; 30:20; 34:4; Gn 12:7; 13:14–15; 15:18–21; 17:8; 26:3–5; 28:13–14.

d. [1:9–18] Ex 18:13–26; Nm 11:16–30.

e. [1:9] Dt 1:31.

f. [1:10] Dt 10:22; Gn 15:5; 22:17; 26:3–4; Ex 32:13.

g. [1:16–17] Dt 10:17–18; 16:18–20.

h. [1:19–25] Nm 13:1–27.

i. [1:19] Nm 11:11–36.

j. [1:26–40] Nm 13:28–14:38.

k. [1:26] Dt 9:23.

l. [1:27] Dt 9:28.

m. [1:28] Dt 1:28; 2:10–11, 21; 9:2; Nm 13:22, 28, 33; Jos 11:21–22; 14:12, 15; 15:13–14; 21:11; Jgs 1:20.

n. [1:30–31] Dt 3:22; 8:15; 32:10; Ex 14:13–14.

o. [1:33] Ex 13:21; 40:38; Nm 9:15–16; 10:33–34; 14:14.

p. [1:36] Jos 14:6–14.

q. [1:37] Dt 4:21; 34:4; Nm 20:12.

r. [1:38] Dt 31:3, 7–8; Nm 27:18–23; 34:17; Jos 1:1–9.

s. [1:41–46] Nm 14:39–45.

u. [2:36] Dt 3:12–13; Jos 13:8–13, 15–23.

v. [2:37] Nm 21:24; Jos 12:2.

Numbers Chapter 36 (Bible Marathon Day 76)

Numbers Chapter 36 (Bible Marathon Day 76)
Inheritance of Daughters.
1
The heads of the ancestral houses in a clan of the descendants of Gilead, son of Machir, son of Manasseh—one of the Josephite clans—came up and spoke before Moses and Eleazar the priest and before the leaders who were the heads of the ancestral houses of the Israelites.
2
They said: “The LORD commanded my lord to apportion the land by lot for a heritage among the Israelites;a and my lord was commanded by the LORD to give the heritage of Zelophehad our kinsman to his daughters.
3
But if they marry into one of the other Israelite tribes, their heritage will be withdrawn from our ancestral heritage and will be added to that of the tribe into which they marry; thus the heritage that fell to us by lot will be diminished.
4
When the Israelites celebrate the jubilee year,* the heritage of these women will be added to that of the tribe into which they marry and their heritage will be withdrawn from that of our ancestral tribe.”

5
* So Moses commanded the Israelites at the direction of the LORD: “The tribe of the Josephites are right in what they say.
6
This is what the LORD commands with regard to the daughters of Zelophehad: They may marry anyone they please, provided they marry into a clan of their ancestral tribe,
7
so that no heritage of the Israelites will pass from one tribe to another, but all the Israelites will retain their own ancestral heritage.
8
Every daughter who inherits property in any of the Israelite tribes will marry someone belonging to a clan of her own ancestral tribe, in order that all the Israelites may remain in possession of their own ancestral heritage.
9
Thus, no heritage will pass from one tribe to another, but all the Israelite tribes will retain their own ancestral heritage.”
10
The daughters of Zelophehad did exactly as the LORD commanded Moses.
11
Mahlah, Tirzah, Hoglah, Milcah and Noah, Zelophehad’s daughters, married sons of their uncles on their father’s side.
12
They married within the clans of the descendants of Manasseh, son of Joseph; hence their heritage remained in the tribe of their father’s clan.
Conclusion.
13
These are the commandments and decisions which the LORD commanded the Israelites through Moses, on the plains of Moab beside the Jordan opposite Jericho.
* [36:4] Before the jubilee year various circumstances, such as divorce, could make such property revert to its original tribal owners; but in the jubilee year it became irrevocably attached to its new owners.

* [36:5–9] This is a supplement to the law given in 27:5–11.

a. [36:2] Nm 26:55; 27:6; Jos 17:3–4.
h. [35:30] Dt 17:6; 19:15; Jn 8:17; 2 Cor 13:1; 1 Tm 5:19.

i. [35:34] Ex 29:45.

Numbers Chapter 35 (Bible Marathon Day 76)

Numbers Chapter 35 (Bible Marathon Day 76)

Cities for the Levites.
1
The LORD spoke to Moses on the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho:
2
a Command the Israelites out of the heritage they possess to give the Levites cities to dwell in; you will also give the Levites the pasture lands around the cities.
3
The cities will be for them to dwell in, and the pasture lands will be for their cattle, their flocks, and all their other animals.
4
The pasture lands of the cities to be assigned the Levites shall extend a thousand cubits out from the city walls in every direction.
5
You will measure out two thousand cubits outside the city along the east side, two thousand cubits along the south side, two thousand cubits along the west side, and two thousand cubits along the north side, with the city lying in the center. These will be the pasture lands of their cities.

6
b Now these are the cities you will give to the Levites: the six cities of asylum which you must establish for the homicide to run to, and in addition forty-two other cities—
7
a total of forty-eight cities with their pasture lands which you will assign to the Levites.
8
* In assigning the cities from what the Israelites possess, take more from a larger group and fewer from a smaller one, so that each will cede cities to the Levites in proportion to the heritage which it receives.
Cities of Asylum.
9
c The LORD spoke to Moses:
10
Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you go across the Jordan into the land of Canaan,
11
select for yourselves cities to serve as cities of asylum, where a homicide who has killed someone inadvertently may flee.
12
These cities will serve you as places of asylum from the avenger of blood,* so that a homicide will not be put to death until tried before the community.
13
As for the cities you assign, you will have six cities of asylum:
14
you will designate three cities beyond the Jordan, and you will designate three cities in the land of Canaan. These will be cities of asylum.
15
These six cities will serve as places of asylum for the Israelites, and for the resident or transient aliens among them, so that anyone who has killed a person inadvertently may flee there.
Murder and Manslaughter.
16
* If someone strikes another with an iron instrument and causes death, that person is a murderer, and the murderer must be put to death.d
17
If someone strikes another with a death-dealing stone in the hand and death results, that person is a murderer, and the murderer must be put to death.
18
Or if someone strikes another with a death-dealing club in the hand and death results, that person is a murderer, and the murderer must be put to death.
19
The avenger of blood is the one who will kill the murderer, putting the individual to death on sight.
20
If someone pushes another out of hatred, or throws something from an ambush, and death results,e
21
or strikes another with the hand out of enmity and death results, the assailant must be put to death as a murderer. The avenger of blood will kill the murderer on sight.
22
f However, if someone pushes another without malice aforethought, or without lying in ambush throws some object at another,
23
or without seeing drops upon another some death-dealing stone and death results, although there was neither enmity nor malice—
24
then the community will judge between the assailant and the avenger of blood in accordance with these norms.
25
The community will deliver the homicide from the avenger of blood and the community will return the homicide to the city of asylum where the latter had fled;g and the individual will stay there until the death of the high priest who has been anointed with sacred oil.
26
If the homicide leaves at all the bounds of the city of asylum to which flight had been made,
27
and is found by the avenger of blood beyond the bounds of the city of asylum, and the avenger of blood kills the homicide, the avenger incurs no bloodguilt;
28
for the homicide was required to stay in the city of asylum until the death of the high priest. Only after the death of the high priest may the homicide return to the land of the homicide’s possession.
29
This is the statute for you throughout all your generations, wherever you live, for rendering judgment.
Judgment.
30
Whenever someone kills another, the evidence of witnesses is required to kill the murderer.h A single witness does not suffice for putting a person to death.
No Indemnity.
31
You will not accept compensation in place of the life of a murderer who deserves to die, but that person must be put to death.
32
Nor will you accept compensation to allow one who has fled to a city of asylum to return to live in the land before the death of the high priest.
33
You will not pollute the land where you live. For bloodshed pollutes the land, and the land can have no expiation for the blood shed on it except through the blood of the one who shed it.
34
Do not defile the land in which you live and in the midst of which I dwell;i for I the LORD dwell in the midst of the Israelites.
* [35:8] This provision was hardly observed in the actual assignment of the levitical cities as narrated in Jos 21.

* [35:12] The avenger of blood: Hebrew, go’el, often translated as “redeemer,” one who, as next of kin to the slain (2 Sm 14:7), and here, as executor of public justice, had the right and duty to take the life of the murderer; cf. Dt 19:6, 12; Jos 20:3, 5, 9.

* [35:16–25] Here, as also in Dt 19:1–13, there is a casuistic development of the original law as stated in Ex 21:12–14.

a. [35:2] Jos 14:3–4; 21:2.

b. [35:6] Dt 4:41–42; Jos 20:2.

c. [35:9–15] Dt 19:2; Jos 20:2–6.

d. [35:16] Ex 21:12; Lv 24:17.

e. [35:20] Ex 21:14; Dt 19:11.

f. [35:22] Jos 20:3.

g. [35:25] Jos 20:6.

h. [35:30] Dt 17:6; 19:15; Jn 8:17; 2 Cor 13:1; 1 Tm 5:19.

i. [35:34] Ex 29:45.

Numbers Chapter 34 (Bible Marathon Day 75)

Numbers Chapter 34 (Bible Marathon Day 75)

The Boundaries.
1
The LORD spoke to Moses:
2
Give the Israelites this order: When you enter the land of Canaan, this is the territory that shall fall to you as
your heritage—the land of Canaan with its boundaries:

3
Your southern boundary will be at the wilderness of Zin along the border of Edom;a on the east your
southern boundary will begin at the end of the Salt Sea.
4
Then your boundary will turn south of the Akrabbim Pass and cross Zin. Terminating south of Kadesh-
barnea, it extends to Hazar-addar and crosses to Azmon.b
5
Then the boundary will turn from Azmon to the Wadi of Egypt and terminate at the Sea.c
6
For your western boundary you will have the Great Sea* with its coast; this will be your western boundary.
7
This will be your boundary on the north: from the Great Sea you will draw a line to Mount Hor,*
8
and draw it from Mount Hor to Lebo-hamath, with the boundary terminating at Zedad.
9
Then the boundary extends to Ziphron and terminates at Hazar-enan. This will be your northern boundary.
10
For your eastern boundary you will draw a line from Hazar-enan to Shepham.
11
From Shepham the boundary will go down to Riblah, east of Ain, and descending further, the boundary will
strike the ridge on the east side of the Sea of Chinnereth;*
12
then the boundary will descend along the Jordan and terminate with the Salt Sea.
This will be your land, with the boundaries that surround it.
13
Moses also gave this order to the Israelites: “This is the land, to be apportioned among you by lot, which the
LORD has commanded to be given to the nine and a half tribes.
14
For the tribe of the Reubenites according to their ancestral houses, and the tribe of the Gadites according to
their ancestral houses, as well as half of the tribe of Manasseh, have already received their heritage;
15
these two and a half tribes have received their heritage across the Jordan opposite Jericho, in the east,
toward the sunrise.”
Supervisors of the Allotment.
16
The LORD spoke to Moses:
17
These are the names of the men who shall apportion the land among you: Eleazar the priest, and Joshua,
son of Nun;
18
d and you will designate one leader from each of the tribes to apportion the land.
19
These are the names of the men:
from the tribe of Judah: Caleb, son of Jephunneh,
20
from the tribe of the Simeonites: Samuel, son of Ammihud;
21
from the tribe of Benjamin: Elidad, son of Chislon;
22
from the tribe of the Danites: a leader, Bukki, son of Jogli;
23
for the descendants of Joseph: from the tribe of the Manassites: a leader, Hanniel, son of Ephod; and
24
from the tribe of the Ephraimites: a leader, Kemuel, son of Shiphtan;
25
from the tribe of the Zebulunites: a leader, Elizaphan, son of Parnach;
26
from the tribe of the Issacharites: a leader, Paltiel, son of Azzan;
27
from the tribe of the Asherites: a leader, Ahihud, son of Shelomi;
28
from the tribe of the Naphtalites: a leader, Pedahel, son of Ammihud.
29
These are the ones whom the LORD commanded to apportion to the Israelites their heritage in the land of
Canaan.
* [34:6] The Great Sea: the Mediterranean.

* [34:7–8] Mount Hor: different from the one where Aaron died; cf. 20:22; 33:37–38.

* [34:11] Sea of Chinnereth: in the New Testament known as the Sea of Galilee; today called Lake Kinneret.

a. [34:3] Jos 15:1–2.

b. [34:4] Jos 15:3.

c. [34:5] Jos 15:4.

d. [34:18] Nm 1:4.

Numbers Chapter 33 (Bible Marathon Day 75)

Numbers Chapter 33 (Bible Marathon Day 75)

Stages of the Journey.
1
The following are the stages by which the Israelites went out by companies from the land of Egypt under the
guidance of Moses and Aaron.*
2
Moses recorded the starting points of the various stages at the direction of the LORD. These are the stages
according to their starting points:
3
They set out from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month. On the day after the
Passover the Israelites went forth in triumph, in view of all Egypt,
4
while the Egyptians buried those whom the LORD had struck down, every firstborn; on their gods, too, the
LORD executed judgments.a

From Egypt to Sinai.
5
Setting out from Rameses, the Israelites camped at Succoth.
6
Setting out from Succoth, they camped at Etham near the edge of the wilderness.
7
Setting out from Etham, they turned back to Pi-hahiroth, which is opposite Baal-zephon, and they camped
opposite Migdol.b
8
Setting out from Pi-hahiroth, they crossed over through the sea into the wilderness,c and after they traveled a
three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham, they camped at Marah.
9
Setting out from Marah, they came to Elim; at Elim there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees,
and they camped there.d
10
Setting out from Elim, they camped beside the Red Sea.
11
Setting out from the Red Sea, they camped in the wilderness of Sin.
12
Setting out from the wilderness of Sin, they camped at Dophkah.
13
Setting out from Dophkah, they camped at Alush.
14
Setting out from Alush, they camped at Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.e
15
Setting out from Rephidim, they camped in the wilderness of Sinai.f
From Sinai to Kadesh.
16
Setting out from the wilderness of Sinai, they camped at Kibroth-hattaavah.
17
Setting out from Kibroth-hattaavah, they camped at Hazeroth.g
18
Setting out from Hazeroth, they camped at Rithmah.
19
Setting out from Rithmah, they camped at Rimmon-perez.
20
Setting out from Rimmon-perez, they camped at Libnah.
21
Setting out from Libnah, they camped at Rissah.
22
Setting out from Rissah, they camped at Kehelathah.
23
Setting out from Kehelathah, they camped at Mount Shepher.
24
Setting out from Mount Shepher, they camped at Haradah.
25
Setting out from Haradah, they camped at Makheloth.
26
Setting out from Makheloth, they camped at Tahath.
27
Setting out from Tahath, they camped at Terah.
28
Setting out from Terah, they camped at Mithkah.
29
Setting out from Mithkah, they camped at Hashmonah.
30
* Setting out from Hashmonah, they camped at Moseroth.
31
Setting out from Moseroth, they camped at Bene-jaakan.
32
Setting out from Bene-jaakan, they camped at Mount Gidgad.
33
Setting out from Mount Gidgad, they camped at Jotbathah.
34
Setting out from Jotbathah, they camped at Abronah.
35
Setting out from Abronah, they camped at Ezion-geber.*
36
Setting out from Ezion-geber, they camped in the wilderness of Zin, that is, Kadesh.h
From Kadesh to the Plains of Moab.
37
Setting out from Kadesh, they camped at Mount Hor on the border of the land of Edom.
38
Aaron the priest ascended Mount Hori at the LORD’s direction, and there he died in the fortieth year after the
departure of the Israelites from the land of Egypt, on the first day of the fifth month.
39
Aaron was a hundred and twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor.
40
* When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who ruled over the Negeb in the land of Canaan, heard that the
Israelites were coming….
41
* Setting out from Mount Hor, they camped at Zalmonah.
42
Setting out from Zalmonah, they camped at Punon.
43
Setting out from Punon, they camped at Oboth.
44
Setting out from Oboth, they camped at Iye-abarim on the border of Moab.
45
Setting out from Iye-abarim, they camped at Dibon-gad.
46
Setting out from Dibon-gad, they camped at Almon-diblathaim.
47
Setting out from Almon-diblathaim, they camped in the Abarim range opposite Nebo.
48
Setting out from the Abarim range, they camped on the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho.
49
They camped by the Jordan on the plains of Moab extended from Beth-jeshimoth to Abel-shittim.
Conquest and Division of Canaan.
50
The LORD spoke to Moses on the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho:
51
Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you go across the Jordan into the land of Canaan,
52
dispossess all the inhabitants of the land before you; destroy all their stone figures, destroy all their molten
images, and demolish all their high places.j
53
You will take possession of the land and settle in it, for I have given you the land to possess.
54
You will apportion the land among yourselves by lot, clan by clan, assigning a large heritage to a large clan
and a small heritage to a small clan.k Wherever anyone’s lot falls, there will his possession be; you will
apportion these shares within your ancestral tribe.
55
But if you do not dispossess the inhabitants of the land before you, those whom you allow to remain will
become barbs in your eyes and thorns in your sides, and they will harass you in the land where you live,l
56
and I will treat you as I had intended to treat them.
* [33:1–3] According to v. 2, this list of camping sites was drawn up by Moses as an itinerary recording
Israel’s trek through the wilderness. Comparison with the more detailed accounts of the journey as given
elsewhere suggests that the list is not necessarily comprehensive. It records just forty camping sites, not
counting the starting place, Rameses, and the terminus, the plains of Moab. This number, which
corresponds exactly to the forty years of wandering in the wilderness, is probably a schematic device.
Moreover, it seems that in its present form the order of some of the names here has been disturbed. Several
names listed here are not recorded elsewhere.

* [33:30–36] Moseroth is mentioned in Dt 10:6 (in the form of “Moserah”) as the place where Aaron died,
apparently a variant of the tradition here in v. 38 regarding the place of Aaron’s death; so also Nm 20:22–24
and Dt 32:50. Perhaps Moseroth was close to Mount Hor.

* [33:35] Ezion-geber: Solomon conducted sea trade with Ophir from this port (1 Kgs 9:26), today probably
identified on the northern coast of the Gulf of Elath between the Jordanian city of Aqabah and the Israeli city of
Elath.

* [33:40] The verse repeats almost verbatim the same introduction to the account of the victory over Arad as
is given in 21:1–3, where it also follows the account of Aaron’s death. Perhaps the isolated verse here is
intended by the editor(s) of Numbers to point the reader to the fuller account given there.

* [33:41b–49] It seems that this section stood originally immediately after v. 36a.

a. [33:4–5] Ex 12:12, 29, 37.

b. [33:7] Ex 14:2.

c. [33:8] Ex 15:22.

d. [33:9] Ex 15:27.

e. [33:14] Ex 17:1.

f. [33:15] Ex 19:2.

g. [33:17–18] Nm 11:34–35.

h. [33:36–37] Nm 20:1, 22.

i. [33:38] Nm 20:25; Dt 32:50.

j. [33:52] Ex 23:31; 34:13; Dt 7:5; 12:3.

k. [33:54] Nm 26:53–56.

l. [33:55] Jos 23:13; Jgs 2:3.

Numbers Chapter 32 (Bible Marathon Day 74)

Numbers Chapter 32 (Bible Marathon Day 74)

Request of Gad and Reuben.
1
Now the Reubenites and Gadites had a very large number of livestock. Noticing that the land of Jazer and of Gilead* was a place suited to livestock,
2
the Gadites and Reubenites came to Moses and Eleazar the priest and to the leaders of the community and said,
3
* “The region of Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo and Baal-meon—
4
the land which the LORD has laid low before the community of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.”
5
They continued, “If we find favor with you, let this land be given to your servants as their possession. Do not make us cross the Jordan.”

Moses’ Rebuke.
6
But Moses answered the Gadites and Reubenites: “Are your kindred, then, to go to war, while you remain here?
7
Why do you wish to discourage the Israelites from crossing to the land the LORD has given them?
8
That is just what your ancestors did when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to reconnoiter the land.a
9
They went up to the Wadi Eshcol and reconnoitered the land, then so discouraged the Israelites that they would not enter the land the LORD had given them.
10
b At that time the anger of the LORD flared up, and he swore:
11
None of the men twenty years old or more who have come up from Egypt will see the land I promised under oath to Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, because they have not followed me unreservedly—
12
c except the Kenizzite* Caleb, son of Jephunneh, the Kenizzite, and Joshua, son of Nun, since they have followed the LORD unreservedly.
13
So the anger of the LORD flared up against the Israelites and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until the whole generation that had done evil in the sight of the LORD had disappeared.
14
And now here you are, offspring of sinful stock, rising up in your ancestors’ place to add still more to the LORD’s blazing anger against the Israelites.
15
If you turn away from following him, he will again abandon them in the wilderness, and you will bring about the ruin of this entire people.”
Counter Proposal.
16
But they approached him and said: “We will only build sheepfolds here for our flocks and towns for our families;
17
but we ourselves will march as troops in the vanguard before the Israelites,d until we have led them to their destination. Meanwhile our families will remain in the fortified towns because of the land’s inhabitants.
18
We will not return to our homes until all the Israelites have taken possession of their heritage.
19
e But we will not claim any heritage with them across the Jordan and beyond, because we have received a heritage for ourselves on the eastern side of the Jordan.”
Agreement Reached.
20
* Moses said to them in reply: “If you do this—if you march as troops before the LORD into battle
21
and cross the Jordan in full force before the LORD until he has driven his enemies out of his way
22
and the land is subdued before the LORD, then you may return here, free from every obligation to the LORD and to Israel, and this land will be your possession before the LORD.f
23
But if you do not do this, you will have sinned against the LORD, and you can be sure that the consequences of your sin will overtake you.
24
Build the towns, then, for your families, and the folds for your flocks, but fulfill what you have promised.”
25
The Gadites and Reubenites answered Moses, “Your servants will do as my lord commands.
26
g While our wives and children, our livestock and other animals remain there in the towns of Gilead,
27
all your servants will go across as armed troops before the LORD to battle, just as my lord says.”
28
So Moses gave this command in their regard to Eleazar the priest, to Joshua, son of Nun, and to the heads of the ancestral houses of the Israelite tribes:
29
He said to them, “If all the Gadites and Reubenites cross the Jordan with you in full force before the LORD into battle, the land will be subdued before you, and you will give them Gilead as a possession.
30
But if they will not go across in force with you before the LORD, you will bring their wives and children and livestock across before you into Canaan, and they will possess a holding among you in the land of Canaan.”
31
To this the Gadites and Reubenites replied, “We will do what the LORD has ordered your servants.
32
We ourselves will go across in force before the LORD into the land of Canaan, but we will retain our hereditary property on this side of the Jordan.”*
33
So Moses gave them—*the Gadites and Reubenites, as well as half the tribe of Manasseh, son of Joseph—the kingdom of Sihon, king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og, king of Bashan, the land with its towns, and the districts of the surrounding towns.h
34
The Gadites rebuilt the cities of Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer,
35
Atroth-shophan, Jazer, Jogbehah,
36
Beth-nimrah and Beth-haran—fortified cities—and sheepfolds.
37
The Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim,
38
Nebo, Baal-meon (names to be changed!),* and Sibmah. These towns, which they rebuilt, they called by their old names.
Other Conquests.
39
The descendants of Machir, son of Manasseh, went to Gilead and captured it, dispossessing the Amorites who were there.
40
(Moses gave Gilead to Machir,i son of Manasseh, and he settled there.)
41
Jair,j a descendant of Manasseh, went and captured their tent villages, and called them Havvoth-jair.*
42
Nobah went and captured Kenath with its dependencies and called it Nobah after his own name.
* [32:1] Gilead: the name of the western part of the plateau east of the Jordan, sometimes signifying the whole region from the Yarmuk to the Jordan, sometimes only the northern part of this region, and sometimes, as here, only its southern part. Jazer lay to the east of southern Gilead.

* [32:3] The places named in this verse, as well as the additional ones given in vv. 34–38, were all in the former kingdom of Sihon, that is, in the region between the Jabbok and the Arnon. Cf. 21:23–24; Jos 13:19–21, 24–27.

* [32:12] Kenizzite: a member of the clan of Kenaz, which, according to Gn 36:11, 15, 42, was Edomite; but, according to Nm 13:6; 34:19, Caleb belonged to the tribe of Judah; cf. also Jos 14:6, 14.

* [32:20–22] Since the ark of the Lord was carried into battle with the Israelite army, the vanguard was said to march before the Lord (see Jos 6:6–9).

* [32:32] This side of the Jordan: lit., “beyond the Jordan”; the perspective in Hebrew is from the west bank looking toward the east bank where the Reubenites and Gadites finally settled